GRAMMAR TUTORSHIP

基础知识解析

一、介词的特点:介词用来表明名词或代词(或相当于名词的其他词类、短语或从句)与其他句子成分的关系。介词也叫前置词,是一种虚词,不能单独作句子成分,只能用在一个名词或代词(或相当于名词的其他词语)前面;介词后的词或词语叫介词宾语,介词和介词宾语一起构成介词短语。

二、介词的种类:介词可分为简单介词、复合介词、短语介词和分词介词四种。

1、简单介词由一个单词组成。如:about; before; for

2、复合介词由两个单词组成。如:onto; into; upon; inside

3、短语介词由一个词组构成。如:except for; because of

4、分词介词由分词通过转化而构成。如:including

三、介词短语的作用:介词短语在句中主要用作状语、定语、表语、宾语补足语和主语补足语等。如:

Can you write in English?你能用英语写吗?(状语)

They are playing basketball on the playground. 他们在操场上打篮球。(状语)

The people on the bus are singing. 公共汽车上的人正在唱歌。(定语)

The boy in front of the desk is Bill. 书桌前那个男孩是比尔。(定语)

The machine is out of date. 这机器过时了。(表语)

They are at table. 他们在进餐。(表语)

We consider education of great importance. 我们认为教育很重要。(宾语补足语)

These machines must be kept in good condition. 这些机器一定要维护好。(主语补足语)

四、中学英语中主要介词:about关于;above在……上面;across横过、穿过;after在……以后;against对着、反对;along沿着、顺着、向前;among在……之中;as像……一样、同样地、作为;at在;before在……以前;behind在……后面;below在……以下;beside在……旁边;besides还有、此外、除……以外;between在(两者)之间;beyond(表示位置)在……的那边;but除了;by(车、船等)、被、由、到……为止;during在……期间;except除……之外;for为、给;for(表示时间、距离、数量等)达、计;from从……起;in用……(表示)、在……里(内);inside在……的里面、在里面;into到……里;like像、跟……一样;near在……附近;of……的;on在、在……上、关于;onto到……的上面;outside在……外、在外面;over超过、多于、蒙在……上、悬挂……上;past(超)过、经过;per每、一;round在……周围;since自从、从……以来;through通过、穿过;throughout遍及、贯穿;till 直到、直到……之时;to(表示接受动作的人或物)给、对、(表示方向)到、往;toward(s)向、朝、对于;under在……下面;unlike不像、与……不同;until直到……为止;upon在……上;with关于、对于、带着、和、用;within在……里面;without无、没有;

五、常见常考词语:according to根据……;agree on在……达成一致意见;agree to同意某人的计划;agree with同意某人的话;at night在夜晚;at one's own expense自费;apart from除去;at table在就餐;at the beginning of起初、开始;at the end of在……尽头、在终点;at the foot of在……的脚下;at the head of在……的前面;at the mercy of在……支配下;at the table坐在桌旁;at times有时;be made from用……制作(看不出原料);be made into制成……;be made of用……制作(看得出原料);be made up of由……组成;be strict with对……要求严格;be tired of讨厌……;be up to该……;because of因为、由于;but for要不是;by means of以……方式;by the side of在……附近;damage to损坏……;except for除……之外(接短语);except that除……之外(接从句);from…to…从……到……;give sb. a hand with sth. 帮助某人做某事;in addition另外;in charge of主管、负责;in common共同的、共有的;in favor of对……有处; in front of在……前面;in honour of为向……表示敬意、为了纪念……;in need of需要;in praise of称赞、歌颂;in return报答、作……的报酬;in (one's) search for寻找、寻求;in search of寻找;in spite of尽管、不顾;in terms of按……说法;in the hope of怀着……的期望;in the night在夜晚;in the wall在墙上;in the way挡路;in time及时;in turn轮流;instead of代替、而不是;keep records of sth. 记录……;little by little一点一点地;make notes of sth. 记笔记;name after依……取名;of+抽象名词;off the coast离海岸;on a night在某一个夜晚;on a visit to去……参观/拜访;on account of因为;on occasion偶尔;on purpose故意地;on the point of正要……的时候;on top of在……上面;on time准时;one after another一个接一个;one by one一个一个地;sell sth. for…卖……换……;step by step逐步地;thank sb. for因……感谢某人;thanks to由于、幸亏;under discussion正在讨论之中;up and down上上下下;with的复合结构

 

高考试题归类

1. Egypt is famous ____ its pyramids.        1983

       A. of         B. in          C. aboutD. for

2. How are you getting along ____ your studies?        1984

       A. over       B. with       C. on         D. within

3. Your new suit will be ready ____ two days.    1985

       A. in          B. on         C. for        D. over

4. Do you know any other foreign language ____ English?        1985

       A. except   B. but        C. beside   D. besides

5. ____ his wife his daughter also went to see him.    1986

       A. Beside   B. Besides  C. Except  D. Except for

6. —What are you doing?

—I am looking ____ the children. They should be back for lunch now. 1986

       A. after      B. at          C. for        D. up

7. He decided to visit the family ____ Friday night. 1987

       A. on         B. at          C. in          D. over

8. He suddenly returned ____ a rainy night. 1988

       A. on         B. at          C. in          D. during

9. Does John know any other foreign language ____ French? 1989

       A. except   B. but        C. besides  D. beside

10. The doctor will be free ____ . 1992

       A. 10 minutes later B. after 10 minutes C. in 10 minutes    D. 10 minutes after

11. If you keep onyou'll succeed ____ . 1993

       A. in time   B. at one time         C. at the same time D. on time

12. We offered him our congratulations ____ his passing the college entrance exams. 1993

       A. at          B. of         C. for        D. on

13. —How long has this bookshop been in business?

 — ____ 1982.     1994

       A. After     B. In         C. FromD. Since

14. Don't all speak at once! ____ please.        1994

       A. Each at one time       B. One by one time C. One for each time     D. One at a time.

15. The train leaves at 6: 00 pm. So I have to be at the station ____ 5: 40 pm at the latest. 1997

A. until      B. after      C. by         D. around

16. Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard— _____you failed. 1999

       A. in the end          B. after all   C. in other words   D. at the same time

17. I don’t think I’ll need any money but I’ll bring some ____. 2000

       A. at last     B. in case          C. once again         D. in time

18. ____ the general state of his healthit may take him a while to recover from the operation. 2000春】

A. Given  B. To give        C. Giving    D. Having given

19. ____ production up by 60%the company has had another excellent year. 2000

       A. As         B. For        C. With      D. Through

20. The home improvements have taken what little there is ____ my spare time. 2001

       A. of          B. inC. from      D. at

21. What do you want____ those old boxes?

 To put things in when I move to the new flat. 【京2002

A. by  B. for     C. of      D. with

22. They had a pleasant chat ____ a cup of coffee. 【京2003

       A. for     B. with       C. during    D. over

 

能力过关检测

1. I’m looking after Tom today. He’s been at my house ____ 8:00 this morning.

       A. since      B. for         C. at      D. till

2. Britain has recently had a high level of unemployment——but the same is true ____ many other countries.

       A. at      B. from      C. of          D. to

3. Can you tell me all about the earthquake?

SorryI know nothing about it ____ I read in the newspaper.

A. except    B. except for          C. except what   D. except that

4. I am anxious about what notes he made in the back of his diary ____ things to mend or replace.

       A. by         B. inC. with       D. of

5. The message was written in the sand ____ a stick.

       A. through B. from     C. by         D. with

6. Books are the most important records we keep____ man’s thoughtsideas and feelings.

A. up         B. of          C. for         D. on

7. —These boxes are too heavy for me to move.

       —HereI’ll give you a hand ____ them.

       A. for        B. to          C. with      D. by

8. The trees in that thick forest are so close together that there is hardly any room to move____ them.

       A. betweenB. inC. among          D. across

9. We held a football match ____ Class 1 and Class 5 last semester.

       A. with      B. among   C. betweenD. by

10. My parents will show us a film projector for our party. Let’s sit____ the table and have a look.

      A. on         B. near      C. round   D. about

11. Three ____ four people believe that having healthy teeth is very important.

       A. by         B. from      C. out of    D. to

12. Can you mend my coatMom? It caught ____ a nail____ the wall.

       A. on; in     B. on; on    C. in; on     D. in; in

13. ____ a dark nightthey took the sick boy to the hospital. And after an hour’s curingthe boy was out of danger very soon.

       A. With      B. At          C. On         D. In

14. ____ only 20 minutes to go before the train leftI felt uneasy in the taxi to the railway station.

       A. For        B. As          C. Because D. With

15. I wonder what will be left ____ the buildings in Iraq after the war. As far as I know____ have been destroyed.

      A. off; those         B. of; manyC. for; not a few   D. for; ones

16. There are many beautiful islands ____ the east coast of the country.

       A. off         B. along      C. on         D. from

17. The boy used the stick____ sharpenedas a pencil to write with.

       A. the end is          B. the end of which       C. whose end         D. with its end

18. ____ the end of last termeverybody here in the schoolI thinkhas taken at least eight math tests.

       A. By         B. Since     C. At          D. From

19. During the ten-day vacationthey traveled to France ____ their own expense.

       A. on         B. with       C. at      D. in

20. Mr Smith sold that magnificent cottage of his on the sea ____ 2000000 dollars.

       A. in      B. for         C. to      D. by

21. The customer bargained with the shopkeeper for a long timeand finally they agreed ____ the price.

       A. to          B. with       C. on         D. at

22. If it was not an accidenthe must have done it ____.

       A. on purpose        B. in common        C. on occasion   D. in time

23. In 2001 the Chinese people were always in high spiritsfor pieces of exciting news came to China ____.

       A. step by step   B. one by one         C. little by little       D. one after another

24. The judge scolded the lawyer because he didn’t keep his remarks to the topic ____ discussion.

       A. on         B. within    C. at      D. under

25. While ____ a visit to Jiangsu Provinceshe learned of the need for a machine that could clean cotton.

       A. of         B. above     C. on         D. for

26. Washingtona state in the United Stateswas named ____ one of the greatest American presidents.

       A. in honor of        B. in support of      C. in place of         D. in favor of

27. The accident was my faultso I had to pay for the damage____ the other car.

       A. of         B. at          C. to         D. on

28. ____ the Hope Projectmany children have returned to their schools.

       A. Thanks to          B. Thank    C. Thank for          D. To think

29. Our teachers are all good____ us. They are all good____ teaching and their teaching are good____ us all.

       A. for; at; to          B. at; to; forC. to; at; for          D. to; in; for

30. Bambooa special kind of grasscan be made____ chairstables curtains and some other things.

       A. up of     B. from      C. of          D. into

31. After two hoursthey were tired____ picking cotton and had a____.

       A. of; stop B. with; break       C. for; rest D. at; pause

32. What’s the weather forecast____ tomorrow?

       Sorry. I don’t know.

       A. for         B. to      C. with       D. of

33. Some plants can take in carbon dioxide (二氧化碳)we breathe out and give ____ oxygen to us.

       A. in case  B. in turn   C. in returnD. in addition

34. I have just come in to see if I can be ____ any assistance to them.

       A. with       B. on          C. at      D. of

35. Shall we go and help them with their work?

We’d better not. They said we’d just be____ if we tried to help.

       A. in the way    B. by the way        C. on the way       D. off the way

36. Our teacher is strict____ us. He never allows us to write____ carelessly.

       A. with; that          B. with; such so    C. to; such D. to; so

37. I certainly agree ____ your proposal. But I wonder if we two and the other members of the board will agree____ the steps for the coming year.

       A. to; with  B. to; on     C. on; with D. on; on

38. Several primary schools and factories were renamed ____ him.

       A. from     B. with      C. after      D. by

39. I haven’t seen you for a couple of days. What have you been up____?

       A. in          B. to      C. with       D. for

40. I feel sure that ____ qualificationability and experienceyou are abundantly suited to the position we have in mind.

       A. in terms of        B. on account of    C. in spite of          D. by means of

41. The room was never much used____ occasional visitors.

       A. instead of          B. so far as C. such as  D. except for

42. You don’t agree with me nowI know. But____ you’ll see I’m right.

       A. on time  B. in time   C. at times D. all the time

43. Xiao’s husband gave all of his wages to his wife____ some pocket money for cigarettes.

       A. except for         B. rather than         C. and yet   D. but for

 

Key:

高考试题归类:DBADB CAACC ADDDC CBACA DD

能力过关检测:ACCDD BCACC CACDB ADBCB CADDC ACACD

BACDA ABCBA DBA

 

 

前言

1、名词

2、冠词

3、代词

4、数词

5、介词

6、连词

7、形容词和副词

8、谓语动词

9、主谓一致

10、情态动词

11、虚拟语气

12、非谓语动词

13、句子的成分

14、简单句

15、并列句

16、复合句

17、直接引语与间接引语

18、倒装句

19、独立主格结构

20、否定结构

21、省略

22、插入语

23、情景交际

24、中学英语动词短语

25、常用不规则动词表

26、语法项目表

27、答案