GRAMMAR TUTORSHIP

形容词和副词

基础知识解析

一、定义:形容词用来修饰名词(或不定代词),表示人或事物的性质、特征、状态或属性。副词用来修饰动词、形容词、副词,有时也可以修饰数词、介词(短语)、连词、名词或全句。

二、作用:形容词在句中可用作定语、表语、宾语补足语、状语(句首或句末),“the + 形容词”还可作主语或宾语。副词主要用作状语、表语、定语、补足语或介词宾语。

三、形容词的作用:形容词在句中用作定语、表语、宾(主)语补足语和状语。如:

She is wearing a new red silk dress. 她穿着一条红丝绸裙子。(前置定语)

I have something important to tell you. 我有些重要的事情要告诉你。(后置定语)

The film was very interesting. 那部影片非常有趣。(表语)

Who left the door open?谁没关门?(宾语补足语)

I laid him down dead. 我把他放在地上,他死了。(宾补)

At last he got hometired and hungry. 最后他终于到家了,又累又饿。(状语)

We should respect the old and take care of the young. 我们应该尊老爱幼。(主语、宾语)

四、下列以-ly结尾的词是形容词,不是副词:lively活泼的;lonely荒凉的;lovely可爱的;deadly致命的;friendly友好的;ugly丑的;silly傻的;motherly 慈爱的;brotherly兄弟般的;sickly多病的、病态的;likely很可能的;kindly热情的;comradely同志式的。如:a sickly child多病的孩子;a sick child(一个生病的孩子);be likely of success (to succeed)有可能成功;an ugly wound吓人的伤口;a friendly match友谊赛

He lived on a lonely island. 他住在一个荒凉的岛上。

He felt lonely. 他感到孤独。

The talks proceeded in a friendly atmosphere. 会议在友好的气氛中进行。

五、下列以a-开头的词不能作定语,只能作表语和补足语:alone单独的;afraid害怕的;asleep睡着的;awake醒着的;aware意识到的、知道的;alive活着的、存在的;ashamed羞耻的;alike相象的。如:

He is alone. 他很孤独。

No two persons are exactly alike. 没有两个人是完全相象的。

I'm afraid that I am late. 我恐怕迟到了吧。

Is he awake or asleep? 他醒着还是睡着?

He has been aware of his mistake. 他已意识到他的错误。

The lake is alive with fish. 湖里的鱼多得很。

I feel ashamed that I have done so little for the people. 我为人民做的工作太少,感到惭愧。

He is unable to tell the difference. 他不能说出其差异。

〖注〗有一些形容词只能作定语:main主要的;elder年长的;former前(面)任的;outer外部的。如:the main idea主要观点;the elder man那老年人;the former leader前任领导;outer space外层空间

六、下列形容词前义作定语,后义作表语:certain某一/无疑的;present现在的/出席的;late已故的/迟到的;ill坏的/有病的;sure可靠的/确信的;sorry糟糕的/难过的、对不起的。如:her late husband她已故的丈夫;in late summer在夏末;a sorry state 处于可怜的状态;a sorry excuse 理由不充分的借口

A certain Smith will come here. 一个姓史密斯的人将来这儿。

I'm certain that he saw me. 我确信他看见了我。

The present government is getting stronger and stronger. 现在的政府变得越来越强大了。

How many of you were present at the meeting?你们有多少人参加了会议?

Don't be late for class. 上课别迟到。

He had ill luck last year. 去年他遭厄运。

He has been ill for two days. 他已病了两天了。

He sent the letter by a sure hand. 他是经由可靠的人送那封信的。

I'm not sure why he wants it. 我不太知道他为何需要它。

We're sorry to hear of your father's death. 听到你父亲逝世,我们甚为难过。

I feel sorry for you. 我替你难过。

七、多个形容词共同修饰一个中心名词时的排列顺序的记忆口诀:限定描绘大长高,形状年龄和新老,颜色国籍出材料,作用类别往后靠。

〖注〗(1)限定词包括:冠词,物主代词,指示代词和数词;(2)描绘性形容词如: beautifulbadcold等;(3)大长高即表示大小、长短、高低的词;(4)表示形状的词如:roundsquare(方形的)等;(5)出材料:指国籍、地区出处和材料的词。如:Germanwooden等;(6)表示用途或类别的词。如:medicalwriting等。

如果类型相同,则音节少的词在前,音节多的词在后,或有逗号隔开,或用and连接,或服从习惯。如:

a tallgood-looking man一个高个英俊的男人;

a black and white TV set一部黑白电视机;

a beautiful green Chinese woolen carpet一床漂亮的中国产的绿毛毯;

some fresh big red apples一些又大又红的鲜苹果;

her round pink face她那粉红的圆脸

八、形容词(包括else)修饰不定代词时后置。如:

I have found something strange today. 今天我发现了一些奇异的东西。

What else did she tell? 她还说了些什么?

〖注〗enough作定语修饰名词时,可放在名词之前或之后。如:

He has enough time (time enough) to do the work. 他有足够的时间做这事。

九、合成形容词的构成:(记住:其中如有名词,名词不能用复数)

1、形容词+名词+eda kind-hearted lady一位好心的老大娘

2、形容词+形容词:his dark-blue eyes他那深蓝的眼睛

3、形容词+现在分词:a good-looking woman一位漂亮的妇女

4、副词+现在分词:the hard-working people勤劳的民族

5、副词+过去分词:a newly-built museum一座新建的博物馆

6、名词+形容词:a world-famous politician世界闻名的政治家

7、名词+现在分词:the peace-loving nation爱好和平的国家

8、名词+过去分词:the man-made satellites人造地球卫星

9、数词+名词+eda three-legged table一张三条腿的桌子

10、数词+名词:a ten-speed bicycle一辆十速自行车;a five-storey building一幢五层楼的建筑

He wrote a two-thousand-word report. 他写了一份两千字的报告。

11、数词+名词+形容词:a forty-foot-wide road=a road forty feet wide一条四十英尺宽的路

12、临时用词组组成:a tower about 180 feet high=an about-180-foot-high tower一座约180英尺高的塔

十、名词化的形容词the+adj. 或分词往往名词化,用来表示一类人或事物,如果作主语,谓语要用复数。如:the young年青人;the good优点;the dying快死的人;the following下面的人或物;the wounded伤员;the exploited被剥削的人;the British英国人;the Dutch荷兰人

The aged are easy to catch cold. 上年纪的人容易患感冒。

The good is not always beautiful. 好的东西并不总是好看。

十一、时间副词有:

1nowthenyesterdaylast nighttodaytomorrowagotonightbeforejust nowlater (on)latelyrecentlyso far

2alwaysoftenusuallysometimesoccasionallyseldomnevergenerallyfrequentlyhardly everconstantlycontinuallyrarelyscarcelyever(此类词也叫频度副词,可以放于句首,可以放于主要动词前面,也可以放在句末)

3alreadyyetlateearlysoonlongsinceat onceat firstat lastfinallypresentlyshortlyimmediatelyright away

十二、地点副词有:

1heretherehomeupstairsanywhereeverywherenowheresomewhereabroadelsewhere

2abovebelowdownupoutinacrossbackalongoverroundaroundawaynearoffoninsideoutsidepast(此类副词如带宾语则是介词)

十三、方式副词有:

1、一般由形容词加-ly构成,回答how引起的问题:badlybravelyfluentlycalmlycarefullycarelesslynervouslypolitelyproudlyproperlyrapidlywronglysadlysuddenlysuccessfullyangrilyhappilyslowlywarmly

2、少数副词不加-ly,如wellfastslowquickhardalonehighstraightwidedeep等。

3、少数加-ly与不加-ly的成对副词,意义相同或相近: clear/clearlyslow/slowlyloud/loudlyfair/fairlyfirm/firmlyeasy/easily

4、有的加-ly后,意义有改变:hard努力地/hardly几乎不;high高地/highly高度地;late/lately最近;near接近/nearly几乎;most非常、最/mostly大都;just正好、恰好/justly公正地;deep/deeply深深地;wide广阔地/widely广泛地;free免费地/freely无拘无束地;close接近/closely仔细地;direct直接/directly立刻

十四、程度副词有:much(a) littlea bitverysotooenoughquiteratherprettyfairlyextremelyconsiderablyentirelycompletelyterriblyperfectlydeeplynearlyalmosthardlyscarcelypartlyhalfslightlynot at all等。程度副词用来修饰形容词或副词,还可以用来修饰动词或介词短语。如:

You are partly (almosthalfnot at all) right. 你部分正确(几乎对了、一半对了、一点儿也不对)。

She sings quite (prettyextremelynot at all) well. 她唱得很好(非常好、极好、一点儿也不好)。

Thank you very much. 非常感谢。

I can hardly agree with you. 我不同意你的观点。

十五、疑问副词、连接副词、关系副词:疑问副词howwhenwherewhy引起特殊疑问句(参见第十四章——简单句);连接副词howwhenwherewhy引起名词性从句(参见第十六章——复合句);关系副词whenwherewhy引起定语从句(参见第十六章——复合句)。如:

How are you getting along with your studies?你们学习情况怎样?(疑问副词)

This is where you are wrong. 这就是你不对的地方。(连接副词)

Do you remember the day when Beijing was liberated?你还记得北京得到解放的日子吗?(关系副词)

Why did he tell you the bad news?他为什么告诉你这个坏消息?(疑问副词)

I didn't know how he went there. 我不知道他是如何到那儿去的。(连接副词)

The factory where the students worked last month is a pen factory. 上个月学生工作过的那个工厂是个钢笔制造厂。(关系副词)

十六、副词的作用:副词在句子中可以作状语,用来修饰动词、形容词、副词和整个句子。如:

We should often go over our lessons. 我们应该经常复习功课。

The visitors were warmly received by the hosts. 客人受到主人的热情接待。

We are quite sure that we'll be able to finish it in a short time. 我们非常有把握能在短期内把它做完。

How beautifully they are dancing!他们舞跳得多美!

I can't jump so high as she does. 我跳高不及她跳得高。

Obviously there is much room for improvement in our work. 很明显我们的工作还很有改进的余地。

1、作表语:

I must be off now. 我得走了。

When will you be back? 你什么时候回来?

How long will she be away?她要离开多久?

Is your mother in?你妈妈在家吗?

2、作定语或复合宾语:

The workers here are all very kind to me. 这儿的工人待我都很好。(定语)

I met an old friend of mine on my way home. 我在回家的路上碰到了一个老朋友。(定语)

Is there anything on tonight?今晚有什么活动吗?(定语)

I saw you out with my sister last Saturday. 上星期六我看见你和我姐姐一道上街了。(宾语补足语)

Show him up. 带他上楼去。(宾语补足语)

十七、副词的位置:

1、一般放在动词后面,如果是及物动词,一般放在宾语后面:

You shouldn't stay up too late. 你不应当睡得太晚。

I remember having seen him somewhere. 我记得在哪儿见过他。

2、有些表示位置的副词如onoutdownupinaway等,常可以放在动词与宾语之间,但人称代词作宾语时放在这些副词前面:

Turn on the lightplease. /Turn it on. 请把灯打开。

Put away those chairs. /Put them away. 把那些椅子收好。

Put down you name here. /Put it down here. 请在这儿写好名字。

3、频度副词以及already(not) yetoncenearlyalmostjustreallysuddenlycertainlystillsoonsurely一般放在行为动词前面,sometimessoonyetonce等也可放在后边:

I hardly ever heard him singing. 我几乎从未听他唱过歌。

We occasionally saw him walking along the riverbank. 偶尔我们看见他在河边散步。

Do you often have such parties?这种晚会你们常开吗?

She is seldom ill. 她很少生病。

He has never been late. 他从不迟到。

I almost forgot about the whole thing. 我差点把这事整个忘掉了。

We still need a few comrades to help us in the work. 我们还需要几个同志帮忙。

We've just sent up a new man-made satellite. 我们刚刚发射了一颗新的人造地球卫星。

Such things do happen sometimes. 这种事情的确有时会发生的。

She'll be back soon. 她一会儿就回来。

He hasn't come back yet. 他还没有回来。

I remember having seen him once. 我记得见过他一次。

4、表示否定意义的副词如neverseldomneitherhardlynorscarcely等,为了强调而放在句首时,这时句子要用部分倒装结构。如:

Never have I seen anything so wonderful as that. 我从来还没有看见过如此精美的东西。

He didn't get there in time. Neither did I. 他没有及时赶到那儿。我也没有。

Hardly had we gathered in the wheat when it began to rain. 我们刚把小麦收割完就开始下起雨来了。

No sooner had I reached home than it began to snow. 我们一到达家里,天就下起雪来了。

(参见第十八章——倒装句)

5、程度副词放在所修饰的词前面,但enough常放在它所修饰的词后面:

We meet fairly often. 我们见面的时候相当多。

I don't quite agree with you. 我不完全同意你的意见。

The room isn't large enough to seat all of us. 这房间不够大,容纳不下我们所有的人。

He didn't work hard enough. 他工作不够努力。

十八、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的变化形式:

1、单音节词和少数双音节词:

1)一般情况直接在词尾加-er-est 如: smallsmallersmallest

2)以-e结尾的词加-r-st,如:largelargerlargest

3)以“辅音 + y”结尾的词将 y 改为i,再加-er-est,如:busybusierbusiestheavyheavierheaviest

4)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节将这个辅音字母双写,再加-er-est,如:bigbiggerbiggestthinthinnerthinnest

2、多数双音节词和多音节词都在词前加moremost 构成:importantmore importantmost importantdifficultmore difficultmost difficult

3、变化规律特殊的词:

原形

比较级

最高级

good/well

better

best

bad/badly/ill

worse

worst

many/much

more

most

little

less

least

far

farther/further

farthest/farthest

old

older/elder

oldest/eldest

4、有少数单音节的词,通常以加moremost的办法构成比较级和最高级,如pleasedtiredfondgladfit等。如:

He is more fit for his office than anyone else. 他经别的任何人都更称职。

十九、形容词和副词的比较级:比较级一般用来表示“比……更……一些”这类概念,通常用一个由连词than引起的状语从句来表示和什么相比,为了避免重复,从句中有些成分可以省略,只把相比的部分突出出来。如:

He jumps higher than I. 他跳得比我高。

This book is more interesting than that one. 这本书比那本书有趣。

He is more tired than any other student/anyone else/any of the other students. 他比其它的任何一个学生都累。

The older of the two noblemen took a light and led me into a back room. 两个贵族中年长的那个拿着灯到后屋去了。

He is the stronger of the two. 他是两人中身体强壮的那个。

二十、比较级前可以有一个表示程度的状语:much(a) little/bitfara lotstilla good dealevenanyno及表示倍数概念的内容。如:

I like this story a good deal (a lot) better than the other one. 这个故事比那个故事我更喜欢得多。

You speak far (much) more fluently than I. 你比我讲得流利得多。

Now I read a little faster than before. 现在我阅读速度比过去稍快一点。

I hope you'll do it a bit more carefully next time. 我希望下次你做这工作稍稍再细心一点。

You must do far more than simply look. 你必须做得更多而不止是看。

二十一、固定搭配:more and more越来越…;the more. . . the more. . . 越…,越…;all the more因而更加;more or less大体上;more than不止/less than不到;no more than=only仅仅、不过、只有、跟……同样不…;not more than=at most至多、不超过、比不上、不及;no more不再;not any more不再;no longer不再;not any longer不再。如:

Tom is no more clever than Jack. 汤姆和杰克一样不聪明。

Tom is not more clever than Jack. 汤姆不如杰克聪明。

The deeper the well isthe sweeter the water is. 井越深,水越甜。

The weather is getting colder and colder. 天气越来越冷。

As a resultthe poor became all the poorer. 结果是穷者更穷。

That'll make the work all the more difficult. 这将使工作更加难做。

The lightest weight less than 50 kilograms. 最轻的还不到五十公斤。

He's more than a friend to me. 他对我不止是一个朋友。

More than one man was killed. 不止一个人被杀害。

He is more than pleased. 他十二分高兴。

The beauty of the park is more than words can tell. 这个公园的美景是无法用语言来描述的。

That is more than I can tell. 那是我无法用语言来表达的。

He is more like a spear than anything else. 与其说他象别的什么东西,倒不如说象一支梭镖。

二十二、原级比较:as. . . as. . . (肯定:和……一样的/地…);not soas. . . as…(否定:不及…),之间用形容词和副词的原级,而不用比较级。如:

He is as busy as before. 他还是象从前那样忙。

We'll give you as much help as we can. 我们将尽量帮助你。

Try to make few mistakes as possible. 尽量少犯错误。

My handwriting is not so (as) good as yours. 我的书法不及你好。

I haven't made as much progress as I should. 我没有取得应有的进步。

〖注〗有时也可以有表示程度的状语。但要把状语放到第一个as前:

This coat costs me three times as much as the one I bought last year. 这件大衣是我去年买的那件衣服的三倍。

We've produced twice as much cotton this year as we did in 1970. 今年我们生产的棉花比1970年多了一倍。

My command of English is not half (as) good as yours. 我英文掌握得还不及你一半好。

(参见第四章——数词)

二十三、形容词和副词的最高级:形容词和副词的最高级通常带有一个表示比较范围的状语(介词短语)形容词最高级前一般应加the,副词最高级前可以不加the。如:

He is the tallest man in our factory. 他是我们当中最高的男人。

Autumn is the best season in Beijing. 秋天是北京最好的季节。

I am the least experienced among the teachers here. 我是这里教员中最没有经验的。

Of all things in the worldpeople are the most precious. 世界万物中,人是最宝贵的。

I like to play basketball best. 我最喜欢打篮球。

〖注〗①形容词最高级前不用the或物主代词,等于 very 的意思,表示“非常”。如:

It is a most (=very) touching story. 这是一个极为动人的故事。

It was most stupid to act like that. 这样做是非常愚蠢的。

“Oh! It's most beautiful!” said the Prime Minister quickly. “噢,太漂亮了!”首相迅速地回答。

It is a most (very) interesting book. 这是一本极其有趣的书。

It was most wise of him to do so. 对他来说这样做是非常明智的。

②如果形容词最高级前面有物主代词,就不必再加定冠词。如:

Monday is our busiest day. 星期一是我们最忙的一天。

Collecting stamps is my latest hobby. 集邮是我最新的爱好。

二十四、形容词最高级还可用于at one’s. . . 这种短语中:

The rose was at its best. 玫瑰花开得正盛。

I knew her toneI knew she was at her worst. 我听得出她的语气,我知道她这时候心情最不好。

二十五、有时在形容词最高级前有一个状语或定语:

The Pacific is by far the largest ocean. 太平洋是最大的海洋。(by far用于加强语气)

He is by far the tallest among us. 他在我们这些人中间个子比谁都高得多。

Hainan is China's second largest island. 海南岛是中国的第二大岛。

二十六、注意逻辑推理:

He is taller than any other student in his class.

=He is taller than any of the other students in his class.

=He is the tallest student in his class. 他比班里其他同学都高。

二十七、注意下列比较词组的用法差别:

1prefer A to B

He preferred death to dishonour(耻辱、不光彩). 他宁死不屈。

I prefer doing to talking. 我喜欢多做少说。

2prefer to do A rather than (to) do B

I prefer to stay at home rather than go out. 我宁愿留在家里也不愿出去。

3would rather do A than do B

He would rather watch TV than go to bed. 他宁愿看电视也不想睡觉。

4not more than/no more than

There are not more than 15 persons in the room. 房间里最多有15个人。(=at most:最多;不超过)

There are no more than 15 persons in the room. 房间里只有15个人。(=only:仅仅)

 

高考试题归类

       as. . . as

1. The horse is getting old and cannot run ____ it did. 1988

       A. as faster as        B. so fast than        C. so faster as        D. as fast as

2. John plays football ____ if not better thanDavid. 1994

       A. as well  B. as well as          C. so well  D. so well as

3. It is generally believed that teaching is _______it is a science. 200128

A. an art much as        B. much an art as

C. as an art much as    D. as much an art as

4. Our neighbor has ____ ours. 【京2003

       A. as a big house as  B. as big a house as

       C. the same big house as         D. a house the same big as

比较级:

1. Which do you think tastes ____ the chicken or the fish? 1986

       A. well       B. good     C. betterD. best

2. He had never spent a ____ day. 1989

       A. worry more      B. most worrying C. more worrying D. most worried

3. This year they have produced ____ grain ____ they did last year. 1989

       A. as lessas   B. as fewas   C. lessthan    D. fewerthan

4. If we had followed his planwe could have done the job better with ____ money and ____ people. 1990

       A. lessless         B. fewerfewer   C. lessfewer      D. fewerless

5. The pianos in the other shop will be ____ but ____. 1990

       A. cheapernot as better        B. more cheapnot as better

C. cheapernot as good         D. more cheapnot as good

6. —How did you find your visit to the museum?

 —I thoroughly enjoyed it. It was ____ than I expected. 1991

       A. far more interesting B. even much interesting      

C. so more interesting  D. a lot much interesting

7. Which is ____ countryCanada or Australia? 1992

       A. a large   B. the larger          C. a larger  D. larger

8. —If you don't like the red coattake the blue one.

 —OKbut do you have ____ size in blue? This one's a bit tight for me. 1993

       A. a big     B. a bigger C. the big   D. the bigger

9. If there were no examinationswe should have ____ at school. 1994

       A. the happiest time     B. a more happier time

C. much happiest time  D. a much happier time

10. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard ____. 1996—11

      A. the better voice        B. a good voice     C. the best voice    D. a better voice

11. Professor White has written some short storiesbut he is ________ known for his plays. 1998

       A. the best  B. more      C. better     D. the most

12. Boris has brains. In factI doubt whether anyone in the class has ____ IQ. NMET2002

A. a high        B. a higherC. the higher          D. the highest

    最高级:

1. He made the ____ mistakes in the dictation exercises. 1985

       A. less       B. least      C. fewerD. fewest

2. John has three sistersMary is ____ of the three. 1988

       A. more cleverest B. most clever        C. the cleverest     D. cleverer

3. Four of Robert’s children were at the partyincluding ____Luke. NMET2003春】

       A. the oldest          B. an oldest one      C. the old          D. an old one

       倍数

1. After the new technique was introducedthe factory produced ____ tractors in 1988 as the year before. 1990

       A. as twice many   B. as many twice   C. twice as many   D. twice many as

       词序

1. ____ I went to the railway station to see my friend off. 1991

       A. After eating quickly my dinner    B. After my quickly eating dinner

C. After eating my dinner quickly         D. After eating my quickly dinner

2. —Will you give this message to Mr Whiteplease?

 —SorryI can't. He ____. 1992

       A. doesn't any more work hereB. doesn't any longer here work

C. doesn't work any more hereD. doesn't work here any longer.

3. Tony is going camping with ____ boys. 1993

       A. little two other   B. two little other   C. two other little   D. little other two

4. “Can't you read?” Mary said ____ to the notice. 1993

       A. angrily pointing   B. and point angrily

C. angrily pointed        D. and angrily pointing

5. —How was your recent visit to Qingdao?

 —It was great. We visited some friendsand spent the ____ days at the seaside. 1995

       A. few last sunny B. last few sunny   C. last sunny few D. few sunny last

6. If I had ________I’d visit Europestopping at all the small interesting places. 1998

       A. a long enough holiday      B. an enough long holiday

C. a holiday enough long      D. a long holiday enough

7. ____ to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills. 2000

       A. Brave enough students         B. Enough brave students

C. Students brave enough         D. Students enough brave

       形容词作宾语补足语

1. John was so sleepy that he could hardly keep his eyes ____. 1992

       A. open     B. to be opened     C. to open  D. opening

       形容词作表语

1. The story sounds ____. 1989

       A. to be true          B. are true  C. being true         D. true

2. These oranges taste ____. 1991

       A. good     B. well       C. to be good    D. to be well

       词义辨析

1. —I haven't been to Guilin yet.

 —I haven't been there____. 1983

       A. too        B. also       C. eitherD. neither

2. These plants are watered ____. 1986

       A. each other day        B. every other day

C. each of the days  D. every of two days

3. As soon as he entered the roomhe took ____ his cap and sat down. 1986

       A. off        B. out        C. away     D. down

4. The students are ____ young people between the ages of sixteen and twenty. 1988

       A. most     B. almost   C. mostly   D. at most

5. —Excuse meis this Mr. Brown's office?

 —I'm sorrybut Mr. Brown ____ works here. He left about three weeks ago. 1990

       A. not nowB. no more C. not still  D. no longer

6. —Can I help you?

 —WellI'm afraid the box is ____ heavy for youbut thank you all the same. 1990

       A. so         B. muchC. very      D. too

7. We all write ____ even when there's not much to say. 1994

       A. now and then     B. by and by          C. step by step   D. more or less

8. —Have you finished your report yet?

 —NoI'll finish in ____ ten minutes. 1995

       A. another  B. other     C. more     D. less

9. We decided not to climb the mountains because it was raining ____. 1996

A. badly     B. hardlyC. strongly D. heavily

10. Wait till you are more ____. It’s better to be sure than sorry. 1997

A. inspired B. certain   C. calm     D. satisfied

11. It is impossible for so ____ workers to do so ____ work in a single day. 1988

       A. fewmuch      B. fewmany       C. littlemuch      D. littlemany

12. —MumI think I'm ____ to get back to school.

—Not reallymy dear. You'd better stay at home for another day or two. 1993

       A. so well  B. so good C. well enough      D. good enough

13. Can you believe that in ____ a rich country there should be ____ many poor people? 1995

       A. suchsuch      B. suchso          C. soso  D. sosuch

14. It’s always difficult being in a foreign country____ if you don’t speak the language. 2000

       A. extremely          B. naturally C. basically D. especially

15. I am surprised that you should have been fooled by such a(an)____trick. 2001春】

A. ordinaryB. easy      C. smartD. simple

16. All the people____ at the party were his supporters. 【京2002

A. present          B. thankful  C. interested          D. important

17. It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt coldso she stood____ to her mother. 【京2002

A. close      B. closely          C. closed    D. closing

18. You don’t look very____. Are you ill?

    NoI’m just a bit tired. 【京2003春】

A. good      B. well       C. strong    D. healthy

19. Mr. Smith____ of the____ speechstarted to read a novel. 【京2003春】

A. tired; boring   B. tiring; bored   C. tired; bored        D. tiring; boring

20. I was riding along the street and all of a suddena car cut in and knocked me down.

    You can never be____ careful in the street. 【京2003春】

A. much     B. very       C. so      D. too

21. Allen had to call a taxi because the box was ____ to carry all the way home. NMET2003

       A. much too heavy B. too much heavy C. heavy too much D. too heavy much

22. I hear they aren’t pleased with the house you’ve chosen for them.

       Well____ could they live in such comfort? 【京2003

       A. where else    B. what else          C. how       D. why

 

能力过关检测

       形容词

1. How much is the T-shirt____

65 dollars.

A. worth    B. cost       C. worthy   D. paid

2. The train was ____ to arrive at 11:30but was an hour late.

       A. about     B. likely      C. certain          D. supposed

3. He was so tired that he soon fell ____ asleep.

       A. deep      B. completeC. soft       D. sound

4. Ohboywhy are you killing your time this way? Can’t you find something____ doing at all.

       A. useful    B. worth     C. valuable  D. good

5. Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heatthe earth at night ____too cold for us to live.

       A. will be freezingly cold      B. would be freezing cold

       C. will be frozenly cold D. would be frozen cold

6. The hot weather still kept him ____ the whole nightso he left the door and windows open.

       A. widely awake     B. wide awake   C. wide awoken     D. widely awoke

7. He was lying in the hospital ____with his ribs broken.

       A. half deadB. deadly    C. dying     D. died

8. These plastic flowers look so ____ that many people think they are real.

       A. natural          B. beautiful C. similar    D. familiar

9. It was ____ of you to choose the smaller onebecause it is ____ money to buy a bigger one.

       A. important; a waste ofB. wise; a waste of

       C. necessary; waste of  D. right; waste of

10. Free medical treatment in this country covers sickness of mind as well as ____ sicknesses.

       A. normal          B. regular          C. average  D. ordinary

11. He is an honest person. He is ____ to do such a dishonest thing.

       A. the least man     B. the first man  C. the suitable man D. the last man

12. I’ll talk to my son Bill about it as soon as possible. He usually listens.

We need ____listening. We need action.

A. more than          B. less than C. not more than    D. no more than

13. How disappointed! They have finished ____ 5% of the work.

       A. no more than     B. no less than   C. more than          D. not less than

14. Though he is ____ workerhe works very hard.

       A. a common         B. an ordinary        C. a usual          D. a general

15. They held the meeting for the ____ interests of the third world.

       A. ordinary B. popular          C. usual      D. common

16. It’s surprising that you don’t know it. It’s nothing but____ sense.

       A. commonB. usual     C. normal  D. proper

17. After the floodthe villagers are trying their best to get things back to____.

       A. usual     B. ordinary C. normal  D. common

18. The ____ temperature of a person is about 37.

       A. formal    B. common C. normal          D. usual

19. Whoever has____ sense knows that smoking is harmful to people’s health.

       A. normal          B. general          C. ordinary D. common

20. I tried hard to get some information about the new technology out of his mouthbut he remained ____.

       A. quiet      B. secret     C. silent      D. calm

21. The industrial park is not a very ____ place to work in——few trees or grassy areas; no cafes for staff(员工) to visit during their breaks.

       A. comfortable   B. active     C. attractiveD. beautiful

22. What do you think of this matter?

       This is a matter of____ importance. I think.

       A. especial  B. fairly      C. rather     D. special

23. Believe it or notmany animals have ____ hearing than humans.

       A. betterB. good     C. worse   D. poorer

24. Although only of ____ intelligencehe speaks four languages fluently.

       A. average B. middle   C. mean     D. normal

25. After the Anti-terrorist Warthe American soldiers returned home____.

       A. safe but tired     B. safely but tired C. safe and tiring   D. safely and tiring

26. If you are ____ about the Pyramids in Egyptjust read the book written by Dr. Brown.

       A. anxious  B. curious          C. serious          D. puzzled

27. It is said that the fishermen caught from the sea a kind of animal____ exactly a dragon and kept it in a big water bowl.

       A. living     B. alive       C. lively      D. live

28. Could you mail these letters for me please?

       ____ letters? Your friends are going to be very happy to hear from you again?

       A. What     B. Some     C. More     D. Different

29. The serial killingswhich resulted in____ of ten deathsterrified millions of people living

near the US capital.

       A. a numberB. a lot       C. a great deal        D. a total

30. In the middle of the room stands a ____ table.

       A. beautiful wooden round       B. round wooden beautiful

       C. wooden round beautiful       D. beautiful round wooden

31. There was a____ carpet on the floor of his living room.

       A. Chinese beautiful green       B. green Chinese beautiful

      C. Chinese green beautiful       D. beautiful green Chinese

32. As is known to allTaiwan is____ island.

       A. China’s first largest  B. the China’s first largest

       C. the first China’s largest        D. the Chinese first largest

33. The use of ____ computer makes it possible to keep modern airports running.

       A. air-traffic control automatic  B. automatic control air-traffic

       C. air-traffic automatic control         D. automatic air-traffic control

34. ____ lessons were not difficult.

       A. Our few first short English          B. Our first few short English

       C. Our few first English short          D. Few our first English short

35. Having no child of their ownthe Smiths took in a ____ girlYuan Yuan by name.

       A. lovely little Chinese  B. Chinese lovely little

       C. little Chinese lovely   D. lovely Chinese little

36. Good manners depend____ on how we look at ourselves____ on how we look at other people.

       A. not very much; and  B. as much; but

       C. not so much; as       D. as much as; and

37. I have known Mary for years and I am very familiar with herbut I have never been to her home____ to stay for dinner.

       A. neither          B. not even C. much less          D. nor

38. We thought their house to be very bigbut it’s ____.

       A. just big as ours        B. no bigger than ours

C. less bigger than ours D. much bigger than ours

39. Is registering(登记) for a pet dog very expensive?

Yes. In Tianjinit can cost ____ 2,000 yuan.

A. as high as          B. as much as        C. so high as          D. so much as

40. It is 18 o’clock and your father is still at the office.

I know. Who else would ____ he does?

A. work so hard as       B. be working harder than

C. do harder work than D. work as hard as

41. How about your test in chemistry?

       Ohcouldn’t feel ____. I didn’t make a single mistake.

       A. better     B. heavier          C. worse    D. sorrier

42. Compared with the nervousness of driving in the rain or snowit is____ to sit in a train and look out of the windows without any worry of bad weather.

       A. more tired         B. less tiringC. less tiredD. even more tiring

43. —How do you like Mr Li’s painting?

—To tell you the truthno one pains____.

       A. terribly  B. worse    C. the worst          D. badly

44. Look at the two boats in the sea! The race for the grand prize has never been so ____.

       A. closerB. closely          C. closest          D. close

45. —Anne is quite unfriendly.

       —I think she’s____ unfriendly.

       A. more shy than    B. shyer than         C. more shyer than D. shy more than

46. —What do you think of the food?

—Wonderful. It couldn’t be____.

       A. so good B. the best C. the better          D. any better

47. It is generally considered that football is ____ than any other match.

       A. a great deal exciting  B. by far more exciting

       C. a lot of more excitingD. far more exciting

48. The cake is delicious.

       Wellat least it is____ the one I baked last week.

       A. as bad asB. no worse than    C. no better than    D. not better than

49. The purpose of the research had a more important meaning for them than ____.

       A. ours       B. those of ours     C. it had for ours    D. it did for us

50. — Do you think the weather is good enough for a picnic?

— Yes. You couldn’t hope for ____ at this time of year.

       A. a nice day          B. the nicer day      C. the nicest day    D. a nicer day

51. How cold it is! We’ve never had ____ this winter.

       A. the colder day    B. a cold day          C. the coldest day   D. a colder day

52. —Goods imported from abroad are ____ those made in China.

       —Yes. Some of the goods made in China are of high quality.

       A. not always better than         B. always as good as

       C. on better than          D. no longer better than

53. ____ shall we have to go to get to the hot spring? Another five miles.

      A. How farther      B. How much farther C. How far    D. How long

54. I doubt if I will come to listen to his speech next time. It couldn’t have been____ in fact.

       A. any worse    B. so bad   C. any better          D. the best

55. Of all the novels here I like this one ____.

So do I. It’s not interesting at all.

A. best       B. least       C. most      D. worst

56. How did you sleep last night?

Like a log. Never slept ____.

A. well       B. better     C. best       D. much better

57. Some of the paintings on show are well worth seeingbut others could be ____.

       A. good      B. worse    C. better     D. bad

58. That’s my idea. Can you think of a ____ one?

       A. good      B. best       C. better     D. bit

59. As a matter of factthis is just as____.

       A. an example as the other example is good  B. a good example as the other

       C. good example as the other    D. good an example as the other

60. The area of Beijing city is about____ that of New York.

       A. four times as much as     B. as four times large as

       C. as four times greater than     D. four times as big as

61. We have a big library in our school. There are more than twice ____ five years ago.

       A. books than        B. as many books as C. many more books than D. many books as

62. According to a new surveyfemales who have attended ____ high schools have higher test scores than those in co-ed schools.

       A. all-girl   B. all-girls’  C. all-girl’s D. all-girls

63. We have little ____ information about the development in this field.

       A. present-day   B. up-to-date          C. modern         D. late

64. Is Mr Smith in?

Nohe’s asked for ____ leave.

A. a two week’s     B. a two-week   C. a two-week’s     D. a two weeks

副词

1. Our teacher is strict with us. He never allows us to write____ carelessly.

       A. that       B. such so C. such     D. so

2. I was riding along the street and all of a suddena car cut in and knocked me down.

 You can never be ____ careful in the street.

       A. much     B. very       C. so      D. too

3. I’m hunting for a housebrightcomfortable and ____ with a big garden.

       A. after all  B. all over          C. above allD. in all

4. It isn’t so much whether he works hard; the question is whether he works____.

       A. above allB. in all      C. at all      D. after all

5. After a year’s trainingZhang Jian succeeded in swimming across the English Channel___.

       A. at last     B. in case          C. once again         D. in the end

6. I advise you to take school more seriouslyotherwise you’ll have to go out and work____.

       A. as a result          B. now and then     C. in a word          D. at that moment

7. George is organizedeasy-goinghard-working and intelligent.

 ____I can’t speak too highly of him.

       A. In other words   B. In a word          C. On the other hand D. As a result

8. With summer coming onthe weather gets hot ____.

       A. day after day     B. day and night     C. day in and day out D. day by day

9. We must keep our room clean. Dirt and disease go ____you know.

       A. from time to time B. hand in hand    C. step by step   D. one after another

10. “He gave me ____ $100!” he said with satisfaction.

       A. no more than     B. something like    C. only       D. no less than

11. This is the story I have ____ heard. It’s very interestingisn’t it?

       A. ever       B. never     C. hardly    D. often

12. I can’t tell you the exact time when I’ll get theremaybe at eight or at nine or still later. ____ I’ll be there as early as I can.

       A. Anyhow B. Thus      C. Therefore          D. However

13. It’s too late to set out for watching the sunrise now; ____it’s starting to rain.

       A. besides          B. meanwhile         C. however D. anyhow

14. The doctor was ____ aware of all the possible problems involved in that kind of operation.

       A. wholly          B. completely         C. fully       D. entirely

15. Four? A bit ____. Saya quarter toOK?

All right. I will pick you up then.

A. less        B. more      C. later       D. earlier

16. Do you think Tom will succeed?

Wellhe’s helped by a number of people andwhat is morehe works extremely hardso he will ____ succeed.

A. probably B. possibly  C. perhaps  D. maybe

17. — Did all of them go to the movie?

— No. They ____ went to the Internet bar instead

       A. almost    B. mostly    C. most      D. nearly

18. He isn’t particular about his food.

Yeshe eats ____ anything.

A. nearly    B. mostly    C. almost    D. possibly

19. This is the place I ____ want to go to.

       A. mostly          B. the mostly         C. most      D. much

20. In what way do you think Sue will use her new Ford?

       She’ll use it____ for going to work.

       A. mostly          B. nearly     C. most      D. almost

21. — What do you think of the work Tom has done recently?

       —I feel____ that the work shouldn’t have been done so carelessly.

       A. badly     B. directly  C. strongly D. hardly

22. Could you____ take care of my dog while I’m away?

Sure. Leave it to meplease.

A. perhaps B. possibly  C. maybe    D. probably

23. You don’t seem to be quite yourself today. What’s wrong?

OhI’m suffering from a coldnothing serious____.

A. yet         B. indeed    C. though          D. anyway

24. This kind of car is very expensive. I’ll buy one____.

       A. as well  B. so      C. instead          D. though

25. Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. ____our minds are developed by learning.

       A. ProbablyB. Likely     C. Similarly D. Generally

26. Terrorism(恐怖主义) in the world means more deaths and heavier losses and ____it is our duty to fight against it.

       A. altogether          B. thereforeC. otherwise          D. moreover

27. The new manager is intelligent and hard-workingand____he is very charming.

       A. moreover          B. thereforeC. howeverD. instead

28. Would you like to go to the concert with meMary?

 I have got no interest in it; ____I have lots of work to do.

       A. otherwise         B. besides  C. howeverD. therefore

29. They sat ____ so they could share the newspaper.

       A. closely  B. close     C. nearlyD. almost

30. Do you get together with your old friends?

 Yesfrom time to timebut not ____.

       A. normally B. certainly C. regularly D. necessarily

31. Did you have any trouble in getting there?

 No. ____ I would have telephoned you.

       A. However          B. Otherwise         C. Therefore         D. Anyway

32. Since the death of her mothershe has been all day crying at home ____.

       A. strongly B. deeply    C. heavily          D. bitterly

33. The man who had been shot was ____.

       A. as well as dying B. dying as well     C. as ill as possible D. as good as dead

34. They have ____ promised to help us.

       A. as far as B. as long as          C. as well as          D. as good as

 

Key:

高考试题:

as…as…DBDB

比较级:CCCCC ABBDD CB

最高级:DCA

倍数:C

词序:CDCAB AC

形容词作宾语补足语:A

形容词作表语:DA

词义辨析:CBACD DAADB ACBDD AABAD AA

 

能力过关检测:

形容词:ADDBB BAABD DAABD ACCDC CAAAA BBCDD

DADBA CCBBD ABBAA DDBDD DABAB BCCDD

BABB

副词:    ADCCA ABDBD AAACD ABCCA CBCDC BABBC

BDDD

 

 

前言

1、名词

2、冠词

3、代词

4、数词

5、介词

6、连词

7、形容词和副词

8、谓语动词

9、主谓一致

10、情态动词

11、虚拟语气

12、非谓语动词

13、句子的成分

14、简单句

15、并列句

16、复合句

17、直接引语与间接引语

18、倒装句

19、独立主格结构

20、否定结构

21、省略

22、插入语

23、情景交际

24、中学英语动词短语

25、常用不规则动词表

26、语法项目表

27、答案