GRAMMAR TUTORSHIP

谓语动词

基础知识解析

一、概述:动词是表示动作和状态的词。按其主要作用可分为谓语动词非谓语动词两大类。谓语动词在句中主要起谓语的作用,非谓语动词(动词不作谓语时)在句中充当主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语和补足语等。谓语动词主要有时态和语态、陈述语气和虚拟语气几种情况;非谓语动词主要有不定式、分词(现在分词和过去分词)和动名词几种情况。非谓语动词不在句中作谓语,但根据使用情况的不同,也可以有主动式和被动式、一般式、进行式和完成式几种情况。从含义上分,动词可分为实义动词(及物动词和不及物动词)、连系动词、助动词和情态动词四类。实义动词可单独作谓语,连系动词必须接表语,助动词主要用来帮助构成各种时态、语态、语气和句型结构,助动词和情态动词必须加上实义动词才能作谓语。

二、及物动词(vt. )与不及物动词(vi. ):及物动词带宾语,不及物动词不带宾语。如:

Can you hear me? 你能听见我讲话吗?(vt. )

Listensomeone is coming. 听,有人来了。(vi. )

I have something to do. 我有事要做。(vt. )

I've got no pen to write with. 我没有写字的笔了。(vi. )

三、持续性动词与非持续性动词:持续性动词可带表示一段时间的时间状语,非持续性动词不带表示一段时间的时间状语。如:

I've had the pen for three years. 这钢笔我已买了三年了。

I bought the pen three years ago. 我三年前买的这支钢笔。

He didn't arrive until the game had begun. 直到比赛开始他才到达。

He waited till (until) late in the evening. 他一直等到很晚。

He married Jenny 3 years ago. 他三年前与珍妮结了婚。

He has been married to Jenny for 3 years. 他与珍妮结婚三年了。

四、表示动作过程的动词和表示结果的动词:

He tore at the wrapping of the parcel and tore it into small pieces. 他用力撕包裹的包装纸,将其撕成碎片。

The captain ran to him and tore open the boy’s shirt. 上尉跑到男孩跟前将他的衬衫撕开。

I shot at the aim for 3 timesonly shot it at the 3rd time. 我瞄准目标射击三次,只有第三次射中了。

五、表示主观性的动词和表示客观性的动词:accept接受/receive收到;listen to/hear听见;look at/see看见。如:

He received an invitationbut he didn't accept it. 他收到一份请帖,但并未接受邀请。

He listenedbut heard nothing. 他听了听,但什么也没听到。

六、表示直接性的动词和间接性的动词:know认识/know of听说;read/read of读及;hear听见/hear of听说;speak说、讲/speak of说到、讲到;search sb. 搜身/search for sb. 搜查某人

七、表示动作与状态的动词:begin开始/be on在进行中;go on strike举行罢工/be on strike在罢工;put on穿上/wear/have on穿着;die/be dead死的;borrow/keep保存;buy/have拥有;catch a cold得感冒/have a cold患感冒。如:

The dustmen have been on strike for 3 weeks since they went on strike. 环卫工人们已罢工三周了。

May I borrow your book? ——我可以借你的书吗?

Yesyou may. You can keep it for 2 weeks. ——可以,你可以借两个星期。

八、连系动词:不能单独作谓语,必须跟表语一起,构成合成谓语,常见的连系动词有以下三类:

1、表示主语的特征或状态:appear看来好象;be是;continue仍旧、继续;hold持续、维持;keep保持;prove证明是、表明;remain仍然是;seem似乎是;stay保持;rest依然是。如:

His mother is a teacher. 他妈妈是一位教师。

She appears younger. 她显得年轻些。

His words proved right. 他的话证明是正确的。

What seems easy to some people seems difficult to others. 对有些人简单的事似乎对其他人难。

Her face remained expressionless. 她的脸上仍然没有表情。

2、表示感觉感知:feel摸起来、觉得;look看起来;smell闻起来;sound听起来;taste尝起来。如:

These flowers smell very sweet. 这些花很香。

He looks like a doctor. 他看上去像位医生。

Your plan sounds very good. 你的计划听起来非常好。

Your idea sounds excellent. 你的主意听起来不错。

3、表示主语发生变化或有何结果:become成为;come成为;fall变成;get变得;go变成、进入……状态;grow变得;make成为;run成为;turn变成。如:

What he had hoped at last came true. 他所希望的终于实现了。

The king got angry. 国王生气了。

The heat has caused milk to go sour. 高温使牛奶变质了。

His face went/turned red. 他脸红了。

The child fell asleep. 小孩睡着了。

The weather is growing warm. 天气正在变暖。

As the fuel ran shortthe plane was forced to land. 由于燃料快要用完,飞机被迫降落。

Both sisters turned singers. 姐妹俩都成了歌唱家。

I think she will make a good presidentso I am going to vote for her. 我认为她会成为一个好总统,因此我打算投她的票。

九、助动词:本身没有词义,不能单独作谓语,与主要动词的相应形式一起构成各种时态、语态、语气、肯定及否定等。常见的助动词有:amisarewaswere用来构成进行时态及被动语态;dodoesdid用来构成行为动词一般现在时和一般过去时态;havehashad用来构成完成时态;willshallwouldshould用来构成将来时态。

十、情态动词:情态动词本身有一定词义,表示说话人对所说的动作和情况的看法或态度,但不能单独作谓语,无人称和数的变化,带动词原形。常见的情态动词有:canmaymustcouldmightneeddareought towillwouldshould。(参见第十章——情态动词)

十一动词的基本形式:动词的基本形式有动词原形、单数第三人称、过去式、过去分词、现在分词、动名词等。

1、动词原形为词典中所给的形式。

2、一般现在时单数第三人称作主语时谓语动词用单数第三人称形式。其变化形式和读音规律与名词复数形式一致。如:readswritesdoessaysteacheswashesguessesfixesgoestriescarries等。behave的单数第三人称特殊,为hasiswassaysdoes读音特殊,读作[sez][dQz]

3、过去式和过去分词分为规则变化和不规则变化两种:

1)规则变化:a、一般在词尾加-edb、以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,要将y改为i,再加edc、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写这个辅音字母,再加ed。如: livedtriedstudiedstoppedplannedpermitted。读音规律:清后[t],浊元[d][t][d]后面读[id]

2)不规则变化形式见“25、常用不规则动词表

4、现在分词和动名词的构成形式:a、一般在词尾加-ingb、以不发音的e结尾的单词去掉e,再加ingc、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写这个辅辅音字母,再加ingd、以ie结尾的单词要将ie改为y,再加ing

十一、动词时态:谓语动词一共有十六种时态,我们主要掌握以下八种基本时态:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,过去将来时,现在进行时,过去进行时,现在完成时和过去完成时。

1、一般现在时表示:(1)经常性或习惯性的动作;(2)现在的特征或状态;(3)普遍真理。如:

We always care for each other and help each other. 我们总是互相关心互相帮助。

She is always ready to help others. 她总是乐于助人。

The moon moves round the earth. 月亮围着地球转。

Have you a pen? 你有钢笔吗?

Is there a film tonight? 今晚有电影吗?

2、一般过去时主要表示过去发生的动作或情况(包括习惯性动作),常有表示过去时间的时间状语。如:

She used to come to help us. 她常常来帮我们的忙。

I wasn't in last night. 昨天晚上我不在家。

Liu Hulan was a fine daughter of the Party. 刘胡兰是党的好女儿。

I didn't know you were so busy. 我没想到你这么忙。

I didn't expect to meet you here. 我没想到在这里碰到你。

3、一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或情况,一般要有表示将来时间的时间状语。如:

We won't (shan't) be free tomorrow. 我们明天没空。

When will you be able to give us an answer?你什么时候能给我们一个答复?

The meeting won't last long. 会议开不了多久。

Who is going to speak first at the meeting?谁首先在会上发言?

There is going to be a lot of trouble about this. 这事肯定会有很多麻烦。

When are they to hand in their plan?他们的计划什么时候交上来?

He is about to go on with the work. 他准备接着把事干下去。

〖注〗①表示趋向性动作的动词如gocomeleavestartarrivedie经常可用进行时表示马上或按计划(安排)要进行的动作:

We are leaving on Friday. 我们星期五动身。

How many of you are coming to the party?你们有多少人要来参加晚会?

The old man is dying. 那位老人就要死了。

Are you going anywhere tomorrow?明天你到哪里去吗?

②助动词shall用于第一、三人称作主语的疑问句中表示征求对方的意见或询问一个情况:

Shall I close the door?要不要我把门关上?

Where shall we meet?我们在哪儿碰头?

Shall he clean the classroom?是不是要他打扫清洁?

4、过去将来时表示从过去某个时间看来将要发生的事情。由“should (would) + v. /was (were) going to + v. ”构成。如:

He didn't expect that we should (would) all be there. 他没想到我们都在那里。

I said I would raise the question at the meeting. 我说我要在会上提出这个问题。

They were sure that they would win the game. 他们坚信他们会赢得这场比赛。

He said he was going to try. 他说他准备试试。

5、现在进行时表示现在或现在这一阶段正在进行的动作,由“am(isare)+现在分词”构成。如:

Where are they having the basket-ball match?他们在哪里赛篮球?

Someone is asking for you on the phone. 有人找你接电话。

We are going over the English lessons these days. 这些天我们正在复习英语。

6、过去进行时表示过去某个时刻正在进行的动作,由“was(were)+现在分词”构成。如:

What were you doing at nine last night?你昨天晚上九点钟在干什么?

I was reading a novel last night when I heard knocks at the door. 昨天晚上我正在看小说这时我突然听到一阵敲门声。

We were having a meeting when they arrived. 他们到时我们正在开会。

7、现在完成时表示(1)过去产生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果;(2)从过去某一时刻开始一直延续到现在的动作或情况。由“have(has)+过去分词”构成。如:

The old Great Wall has taken on a new look. 古老的长城已呈现出新面貌。

The train has just left. 火车刚刚开走。

I have seen the film many times. 这电影我看过好几次了。

The guests have already left. 客人们已经走了。

I haven't seen him for many days. 我好些天没看见他了。

She has been ill for three days. 她生病三天了。

Have you ever been to America? 你到美国去过吗?

Have you got the plan ready yet? ——计划做好了吗?

Nonot yet. ——还没做好。

It has rained a great deal since you left. 你走之后下了好些雨。

〖注〗①表示非持续性动作的动词用完成时不能接一段时间的时间状语:

She has come back. 她已经回来了。

She has been back for three days. 她回来三天了。

She came back three days ago. 她是三天前回来的。

He has joined the army. 他参军了。

He has been in the army for a year. 他参军一年了。

He joined the army last year. 他是去年参军的。

have (has) gone to去了某地/have (has) been to到某地去过:

Where have you been? ——你去哪儿了?

I have been to the hospital. ——我去了医院。

Li Ming has gone to Wuhan. 李明到武汉去了。

8、过去完成时表示在过去某个时间或某个动作之前已经完成的动作或存在的状态。由“had+过去分词”构成。如:

The play had already started when we got to the theatre. 我们到剧场时戏已经开演了。

By the time he was tenEdison had already built a chemistry lab for himself. 爱迪生到十岁时,就已经给自己建了一间化学实验室。

He suddenly remembered that he hadn't locked the door. 他突然想起来他没锁门。

My brother had learned three years of English before he went to college. 我哥哥上大学以前学了三年英语。

She didn't go to bed until she had finished her work. 她直到把工作做完才睡觉。

He had pressed the button before we could stop him. 我们还没来得及阻止他,他已经按了按钮。

十二、时态一致和呼应:某些从句的动词时态往往要与主句谓语动词的时态相一致,或保持上下文之间的时态呼应。主要用于以下两种情况:

1、主句为过去时态时,宾语从句或间接引语中使用相应的过去时态。如:

I thought you were having a break now. 我以为你们在休息呢。

She asked me whether I had caught up with the others. 他问我是否已经赶上别人了。

We were afraid you wouldn't be able to join us. 我们还担心你们不能参加我们一道干呢。

It hadn't been decided who was to head the group. 谁领导这个小组还没有决定。

He expressed the hope that we should go and visit his country some day. 他表示希望我们什么时候能去访问他的国家。

〖注〗当宾语从句表示经常性的动作或普遍真理时,变为过去时可能造成误会,可以保持原来的时态:

The teacher said that the Changjiang River is the longest river in our country. 老师说长江是我国最长的河流。

Did he say that the train leaves at 5:30? 他是不是说过火车五点半开?

2、主句为将来时态时,时间状语从句和条件状语从句中使用相应的现在时态。如:

As soon as he gets therehe will write me a letter. 他一到达那儿,就会给我写信的。

I’ll only stay if you offer me more money. 假若你肯多给钱,我就留下。

十三、被动语态:主语为动作的接受者时谓语要用被动语态。被动语态由“助动词be的各种时态+过去分词”构成。其各种时态由助动词be来体现。如:

These heroes are respected by everybody in the country. 这些英雄人物受到全国人民的尊敬。(一般现在时)

You are wanted on the phone. 有人给你打电话。(一般现在时)

The Chinese Communist Party was founded in Shanghai in 1921. 中国共产党是一九二一年在上海成立的。(一般过去时)

Shall we be allowed to attend the opening ceremony?要邀请我们参加开幕式吗?(一般将来时)

A new teaching building is being built in our school. 我们学校正在修一幢新教学大楼。(现在进行时)

The problem has been discussed for two days. 这个问题已讨论两天了。(现在完成时)

The song was composed by a PLA man. 这首歌是一位解放军战士写的。(一般过去时)

Soon steam can be seen rising from the wet clothes. 很快就可以看见蒸气从湿衣服上冒出来。(情态动词+被动语态)

All these things are to be answered for. 所有这一切是都要得到偿还的。(be+不定式的被动式)

〖注〗①被动结构和系表结构的区别:被动结构表示一个动作,系表结构表示主语的特点或所处的状态。如:

The glass is broken. 玻璃杯破了。(系表结构)

The glass was broken by my sister. 玻璃杯是我妹妹打破的。(被动语态)

The bridge is completed. 桥已修好。(系表结构)

The bridge was completed in 1990. 桥是一九九○年建成的。(被动语态)

The ground is covered with snow. 地下尽是雪。(系表结构)

This point has not been covered yet. 这一点还没有谈到。(被动语态)

happentake placebelong tolastbreak outconsist ofcost等不及物动词没有被动语态。

hearseewatchlisten tolook athaveletmakenoticeobserve等动词带省略to的不定式作宾语补足语,变为被动语态时,to不能省略。

be to dobe about to dobe going to dohad better doused to doought to dohave to dobe sure to do等词组只须将其后的动词原形变为被动形式。

⑤请注意下列主动句变被动句的规律:

Mary gave him a pen. He was given a pen by Mary. A pen was given to him by Mary. 玛丽给了他一支笔。

People say Mary is a nice girl. Mary is said to be a nice girl. It is said that Mary is a nice girl. 人们说玛丽是个好女孩。

They hadn't done anything to end the strike. Nothing had been done to end the strike. 他们没有为停止罢工作任何事情。

He told me that he had visited the factory. I was told that the factory had been visited. 他告诉我他已经参观过工厂了。

The house needs repairing. The house needs to be repaired. 这房子需要整修。

 

高考试题归类

       时态和语态

1. These boys ____ our football team. 1983

       A. are belong to      B. are belonged to C. belong to          D. belong of

2. Don't get off the bus until it ____. 1984

       A. has stopped      B. stopped C. will stopD. shall stop

3. I'll begin the dictation when you ____ ready. 1984

      A. shall be  B. will be   C. are        D. have been

4. This is a photo of the power station that ____ in my home town. 1986

       A. has set up          B. has been set up C. was set up    D. is set up

5. I'll go with you as soon as I ____ my work. 1986

       A. will finish         B. shall finish        C. finishD. finished

6. Great changes ____ in the cityand a lot of factories ____. 1987

       A. have been taken place; have been set up

B. have taken place; have been set up

C. have taken place; have set up   

D. were taken place; were set up

7. Do you think Sam’ll call his old teacher as soon as he ____ in town? 1987

       A. will be arrived   B. is arrived          C. arrives   D. will arrive

8. I promise that the matter will ____. 1987

       A. be taken care    B. be taken care of C. take care          D. take care of

9. That dinner was the most expensive meal we ____. 1987

       A. would have       B. have hadC. had never had   D. had ever had

10. He ____ his leg when he ____ in a football match against another school. 1987

       A. broke; played          B. was breaking; was playing

C. broke; was playing  D. was breaking; played

11. —Where ____ the recorder? I can’t see it anywhere.

 —I ____ it right here. But now it’s gone. 1988

       A. did you put; have putB. have you put; put     

C. had you put; was putting     D. were you putting; have put

12. Hello! I ____ you ____ in London. How long have you been here? 1988

       A. don't know; were    B. hadn't known; are

C. haven't known; are  D. didn't know; were

13. —When ____ again?

 —When he ____ I'll let you know. 1988

       A. he comes; comes    B. will he come; will come

C. he comes; will come       D. will he come; comes

14. No permission has ____ for anybody to enter the building. 1988

       A. been given        B. given     C. to give   D. be giving

15. They asked me to have a drink with them. I said that it was at least ten years since I ____ a good drink. 1988

       A. had enjoyed      B. was enjoying     C. enjoyed D. had been enjoying

16. I ____ ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer. 1989

       A. gave      B. was given         C. was giving        D. had given

17. My brother ____ while he ____ his bicycle and hurt himself. 1989

       A. fell; was riding        B. fell; were riding

C. had fallen; rode   D. had fallen; was riding

18. Tom was disappointed that most of the guests ____ when he ____ at the party. 1989

       A. left; had arrived       B. left; arrived

C. had left; had arrived  D. had left; arrived

19. The police found that the house ____ and a lot of things ____. 1990

       A. has broken into; has been stolen      B. had broken into; had been stolen

C. has been broken into; stolen D. had been broken into; stolen

20. The new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she ____. 1990

       A. will arrive         B. arrives   C. is going to arrive D. is arriving

21. When I was at college I ____ three foreign languagesbut I ____ all except a few words of each. 1990

       A. spoke; had forgotten B. spoke; have forgotten      

C. had spoken; had forgotten    D. had spoken; have forgotten

22. —Come on inPeter. I want to show you something.

 —Ohhow nice of you! I ____ you ____ to bring me a gift. 1990

       A. never think; are going         B. never thought; were going

C. didn't think; were going       D. hadn't thought; were going

23. —Have you moved into the new house?

 —Not yet. The rooms ____. 1991

       A. are being painted B. are painting      C. are painted        D. are being painting

24. —We haven't heard from Jane for a long time.

 —What do you suppose ____ to her? 1991

       A. was happening B. to happen          C. has happened    D. having happened

25. On Saturday afternoonMrs Green went to the market____ some bananas and visited her cousin. 1991

       A. bought  B. buying   C. to buy   D. buy

26. The students ____ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ____ in the office. 1991

       A. had written; left       B. were writing; has left

C. had written; had left     D. were writing; had left

27. Tom ____ into the house when no one ____. 1992

       A. slipped; was looking       B. had slipped; looked

       C. slipped; had looked  D. was slipping; looked

28. If city noises ____ from increasingpeople ____ shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now. 1992

       A. are not kept; will have to     B. are not kept; have to

C. do not keep; will have to     D. do not keep; have to

29. —We could have walked to the station; it was so near.

 —Yes. A taxi ____ at all necessary. 1992

       A. wasn't   B. hadn't been       C. wouldn'tD. won't be

30. —Do you know our town at all?

 —Nothis is the first time I ____ here. 1992

       A. was      B. am going          C. came     D. have been

31. In some parts of the worldtea ____ with milk and sugar. 1993

       A. is serving          B. is servedC. serves   D. served

32. —How long ____ each other before they ____ married?

 —For about a year. 1993

       A. have they known; get      B. did they know; were going to get

C. do they know; are going to get    D. had they known; got

33. My dictionary ____. I have looked for it everywhere but still ____ it. 1993

       A. has lost; don't find   B. is missing; don't find       

C. has lost; have found D. is missing; haven't found

34. We were all surprised when he made it clear that he ____ office soon. 1993

       A. leaves    B. would leave       C. left        D. had left

35. —Can I join your clubDad?

 —You can when you ____ a bit older. 1994

       A. get        B. will get  C. are getting    D. will have got

36. She set out soon after dark ____ home an hour later. 1994

       A. arriving B. to arrive C. having arrived   D. and arrived

37. —I'm sorry to keep you waiting.

 —Ohnot at all. I ____ here only a few minutes. 1994

       A. have been         B. had beenC. was      D. will be

38. —Do you like the material?

 —Yesit ____ very soft. 1994

       A. is feelingB. felt        C. feels      D. is felt

39. I don't really work here; I ____ until the new secretary arrives. 1994

       A. just help out B. have just helped out

C. am just helping out  D. will just help out

40. I need one more stamp before my collection ____. 1994

       A. has completed         B. completes

C. has been completed     D. is completed

41. —Your phone number again? I ____ quite catch it.

 —It's 9568442.       1995

       A. didn'tB. couldn't C. don't     D. can't

42. — ____the sports meet might be put off.

 —Yesit all depends on the weather. 1995

       A. I've been told    B. I've told C. I'm told D. I told

43. As she ____ the newspaperGranny ____ asleep. 1995

       A. read; was falling       B. was reading; fell

C. was reading; was falling      D. read; fell

44. You don't need to describe her. I ____ her several times. 1995

       A. had met B. have metC. met       D. meet

45. I don't think Jim saw me; he ____ into space. 1995

       A. just stared         B. was just staring        C. has just stared   D. had just stared

46. — ____my glasses?

 —YesI saw them on your bed a minute ago. 1996

      A. Do you see       B. Had you seen    C. Would you see D. Have you seen

47. —Can I help yousir?

 —Yes. I bought this radio here yesterdaybut it ____. 1996

      A. didn’t work      B. won’t work      C. can’t work   D. doesn’t work

48. Helen ____ her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband ____ home. 1996

      A. has left; comes B. left; had come    C. had left; came   D. had left; would come

49. —Who is Jerry Cooper?

 — ____ ? I saw you shaking hands with him at the meeting. 1997

A. Don’t you meet him yet      B. Hadn’t you met him yet

C. Didn’t you meet him yet      D. Haven’t you met him yet

50. —Alicewhy didn’t you come yesterday?

 —I ____ but I had an unexpected visitor. 1997

A. had       B. would    C. was going to     D. did

51. I first met Lisa three years ago. She ____ at a radio shop at the time. 1997

A. has worked       B. was working     C. had been working D. had worked

52. —Is this raincoat yours?

 —Nomine ____ there behind the door. 1997

A. hangs    B. has hungC. is hanging         D. hung

53. —Nancy is not coming tonight.

 — But she ____! 1998

       A. promisesB. promisedC. will promise       D. had promised

54. Shirley ____ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it. 1998

       A. has written        B. wrote     C. had written        D. was writing

55. —HiTracyyou look tired.

 —I am tired. I ____ the living room all day. 1998

       A. painted   B. had painted        C. have been painting D. have painted

56. The price ____but I doubt whether it will remain so. 1999

       A. went down        B. will go down      C. has gone down D. was going down

57. —Heylook where you are going!

 —OhI’m terribly sorry. ____. 1999

       A. I’m not noticing      B. I wasn’t noticing

C. I haven’t notice   D. I don’t notice

58. —You’ve left the light on.

 —Ohso I have. ____ and turn it off. 2000

       A. I’ll go    B. I’ve goneC. I go       D. I’m going

59. —How are you today?

 —OhI ____ as ill as I do now for a very long time. 2000

       A. didn’t feel          B. wasn’t feeling    C. don’t feel          D. haven’t felt

60. The reporter said that the UFO ____ east to west when he saw it. 2000

       A. was travelling    B. travelled C. had been travelling D. was to travel

61. Old McDonald gave up smoking for a whilebut soon ____ to his old ways. 2000春】

  A. returned        B. returns      C. was returning  D. had returned

62. — You're drinking too much.

  — Only at home. No one ____ me but you. 2000春】

  A. is seeing      B. had seen      C. sees          D. saw

63. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology ____ so rapidly. 2001

       A. is changing        B. has changed       C. will have changed D. will change

64. I ____ ping-pong quite wellbut I haven’t had time to play since the new year. 2001

       A. will play B. have played        C. played    D. play

65. Visitors ____ not to touch the exhibits. 2001

       A. will request        B. are requested     C. are requesting    D. request

66. Hundreds of jobs ____ if the factory close. 2001春】

A. loseB. will be lost    C. are lost         D. will lose

67. I’ve won a holiday for two to Florida. I ____ my mum. 2001春】

A. am taking  B. have takenC. take  D. will have taken

68. A new cinema____ here. They hope to finish it next month. 2001春】

A. will be builtB. is built          C. has been builtD. is being built

69. —You haven’t said a word about my new coatBrenda. Do you like it?

 —I’m sorry I ____ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it’s pretty on you. NMET2002

A. wasn’t saying       B. don’t say       C. won’t say      D. didn’t say

70. I wonder why Jenny ____ us recently. We should have heard from her by now. NMET2002

A. hasn’t written       B. doesn’t write C. won’t write          D. hadn’t written

71. The little girl____ her heart out because she____ her toy bear and believed she wasn’t ever going to find it. 【京2002

    A. had cried; lost   B. cried; had lostC. has cried; he lost   D. cries; had lost

72. Excuse mesir. Would you do me a favor

Of course. What is it?

I____ if you could tell me how to fill out this form. 【京2002

A. had wondered       B. was wondering         C. would wonder          D. did wonder

73. When will you come to see meDad?

    I will go to see you when you____ the training course. 【京2003春】

    A. will have finished   B. will finish      C. are finishing   D. finish

74. How long ____ at this job?

    Since 1990. 【京2003春】

    A. were you employed  B. have you been employed

    C. had you been employed      D. will you be employed

75. All morning as she waited for the medical report from the doctorher nervousness ____. NMET2003

       A. has grown         B. is growing     C. grew  D. had grown

76. Why don’t you put the meat in the fridge? It will ____ fresh for several days. NMET2003

       A. be stayedB. stay   C. be staying      D. have stayed

77. At this time tomorrow ____ over the Atlantic. 【京2003

       A. we’re going to fly     B. we’ll be flying    C. we’ll fly D. we’re to fly

78. ____ David and Vicky ____ married?

       For about three years. 【京2003

       A. How long were being  B. How long havegot

       C. How long have been    D. How long didget

79. The news came as no surprise to me. I ____ for some time that the factory was going to shut down. 【京2003

       A. had known    B. knew     C. have known       D. know

80. With the rapid growth of populationthe city ____ in all directions in the past five years. NMET2003春】

       A. spreads  B. has spread         C. spread    D. had spread

81. The silence of the library ____ only by the sound of pages being turned over. NMET2003春】

       A. has been broken B. breaks    C. broke     D. was broken

    词义辨析与词语搭配:

1. My brother ____ the Youth League for two years. 1983

       A. has been in       B. has entered        C. has taken part in D. has joined into

2. This straw hat ____ me.   1983

       A. doesn't fit for    B. isn't fit   C. doesn't fit         D. fits to

3. Frank is the kind of person whom people like to ____. 1983

       A. make friend      B. make friends of        C. make friends     D. make friends with

4. I ____ you will write to me soon. 1984

       A. wish      B. need       C. want      D. hope

5. As soon as he entered the roomhe took ____ his cap and sat down. 1986

       A. off        B. out        C. away     D. down

6. —What are you doing?

 —I am looking ____ the children. They should be back for lunch now. 1986

       A. after      B. at          C. for        D. up

7. It's freezing outside. You ____ put on your overcoat. 1987

       A. had better to     B. had better         C. would better     D. would better to

8. Mother ____ us stories when we were young. 1988

       A. was used to tell        B. is used to telling C. used to tell        D. used to telling

9. —Could you tell me what this word means?

 —SorryI don't know it either. Let's look it ____ the dictionary. 1988

       A. at          B. over in   C. up in     D. for

10. The teacher told the class to ____ their books. 1988

       A. put away          B. put by   C. put on   D. put up

11. I asked him to ____ me a few minutes so that we could go over all the problems. 1988

       A. spend    B. save      C. spare     D. share

12. It is well known that Thomas Edison ____ the electric lamp. 1989

       A. inventedB. discovered    C. found    D. developed

13. Cheap coal ____ a lot of smoke. 1989

       A. gives upB. gives in  C. gives away       D. gives off

14. They ____ friends since they met in Shanghai. 1989

       A. have made        B. have become     C. have been         D. have turned

15. The sports meet will be ____ till next week because of the bad weather. 1989

       A. put off  B. put away          C. put up   D. put down

16. ____ your coat at once. We must hurry. 1989

       A. Wear     B. Wearing C. Put on   D. Putting on

17. Go on ____ the other exercises after you have finished this one. 1989

       A. to do     B. doing     C. with      D. to be doing

18. The horrible noise from the man's room simply ____ me mad.    1990

       A. put        B. caused   C. droveD. turned

19. His father died and ____ him a lot of money. 1990

       A. gave      B. left        C. sent      D. offered

20. ____ this book and tell me what you think of it. 1990

       A. Look through    B. Look on C. Look into          D. Look up

21. We ____ each other the best of luck in the examination. 1991

       A. hoped    B. wanted  C. expectedD. wished

22. ____ ! There's a train coming. 1991

       A. Look out          B. Look around      C. Look forward   D. Look on

23. I learned to ____ a bicycle as a small boy. 1991

       A. drive      B. ride        C. operate   D. run

24. —Will somebody go and get Dr. White?

 —He's already been ____. 1991

       A. asked for          B. sent for C. called for          D. looked for

25. Will you ____ me a favourplease?      1991

       A. give      B. make     C. do         D. bring

26. When Jack arrivedhe learned Mary ____ for almost an hour. 1992

       A. had gone          B. had set off    C. had left  D. had been away

27. —Shall we go skating or stay at home?

 —Which ____ do yourself? 1992

       A. do you rather    B. would you rather C. will you rather  D. should you rather

28. I really don't want to go to the partybut I don't see how I can ____ it. 1992

       A. get back from   B. get out of          C. get away          D. get off

29. If no one ____ the phone at homering me at work. 1993

       A. returns  B. replies   C. answersD. receives

30. Readers can ____ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word. 1993

       A. get over B. get in     C. get along          D. get through

31. The captain ____ an apology to the passengers for the delay caused by bad weather. 1993

       A. made     B. said       C. put        D. passed

32. Rather than ____ on a crowded bushe always prefers ____ a bicycle. 1994

       A. ride; rideB. riding; ride        C. ride; to ride       D. to ride; riding

33. I don't know the restaurantbut it's ____ to be quite a good one. 1994

       A. said       B. told       C. spoken  D. talked

34. All the leading newspapers ____ the trade talks between China and the United States. 1995

       A. reportedB. printed   C. announced    D. published

35. You are ____ your time trying to persuade him; he'll never join us. 1995

       A. spendingB. wasting C. losing    D. missing

36. —What did you think of her speech?

 —She ____ for one hour but didn't ____ much. 1995

       A. spoke; speak     B. spoke; say    C. said; speak        D. said; say

37. I can hardly hear the radio. Would you please ____ ?   1995

       A. turn it on          B. turn it down      C. turn it up          D. turn it off

38. I love to go to the seaside in summer. It____ good to lie in the sun or swim in the cool sea. 1996

      A. does      B. feels      C. gets      D. makes

39. She ____ his number in the phone book to make sure that she had got it right. 1997

       A. looked up         B. looked for         C. picked out    D. picked up

40. Nobody noticed the thief slip into the house because the lights happened to ____. 1998

       A. be put upB. give in    C. be turned on      D. go out

41. They ____ the train until it disappeared in the distance. 1998

       A. saw       B. watched C. noticed   D. observed

42. ____him and then try to copy what he does. 1999

       A. Mind      B. Glance atC. Stare at  D. Watch

43. —Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls?

 —Yes. They have better playersso I ____ them to win. 1999

       A. hope      B. prefer     C. expect    D. want

44. Let Harry play with your toys as wellClare—you must learn to ____. 2000

       A. support  B. care       C. spare     D. share

45. —It's a good idea. But who's going to ____ the plan?

  — I think Tom and Greg will. 2000春】

  A. set aside         B. carry out       C. take in         D. get through

46. Nick is looking for another job because he feels that nothing he does ____ his boss. 2000春】

  A. serves     B. satisfies          C. promises        D. supports

47. We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it ____ very well. 2001

       A. went on B. tried out C. worked out        D. carried on

48. —Why haven’t you bought any butter?

I ____to but I forgot about it. 2001春】

A. liked      B. wished         C. meantD. expected

49. Have a good rest. You need to ____your energy for the tennis match this afternoon. 2001春】

A. leave     B. save  C. hold  D. get

50. The taxi driver often reminds passengers to ____ their belongings when they leave the car. NMET2002

A. keep  B. catch C. hold   D. take

51. When shall we start?

Let’s____ it 8:30. Is that all right? 【京2002

       A. set     B. meet  C. make D. take

52. Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If notyou may ____ run over by a car. 【京2002

       A. have      B. get     C. become         D. turn

53. Mummycan I put the peaches in the cupboard?

Nodear. They don’t ____ well. Put them in the fridge instead. 【京2002

A. keep  B. fit      C. get     D. last

54. If anybody callstell them I’m outand ask them to ____ their name and address. NMET2003

       A. pass       B. write  C. take   D. leave

55. Would you slow down a bitplease? I can't ____ you. 2001春】

A. keep up with B. put up with   C. make up to   D. hold on to

56. We thought of selling this old furniturebut we’ve decided to ____ it. It might be valuable. NMET2002

A. hold on to         B. keep up with C. turn to          D. look after

57. His mother had thought it would be good for his character to____ from home and earn some money on his own. 【京2002

       A. run awayB. take away      C. keep away     D. get away

58. The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to____. 【京2003春】

       A. make it out        B. make it off     C. make it up     D. make it over

59. News reports say peace talks between the two countries ____ with no agreement reached. NMET2003

       A. have broken down     B. have broken out C. have broken in          D. have broken up

60. Don’t mention that at the beginning of the storyor it may ____ the shocking ending.【京2003

       A. give away      B. give out  C. give up          D. give off

能力过关检测

       时态和语态

1. The careless driver has just been fined $ 10 for stopping his taxi at a sign that ____ “NO PARKING”.

       A. is read    B. reads      C. writes    D. is written

2. Our motherland didn’t always look the way it____ today. There were few tall buildings.

       A. isB. does       C. is doing  D. has been

3. Do you think that she’ll finish the job on time?

Sure. So long as she ____ to do it in her own way.

A. is leavingB. leaves     C. is left     D. has left

4. The air company going from bad to worsethe workers ____ hardly enough to make a living.

       A. are paid  B. are paying          C. have paidD. paid

5. Shall I invite John to my birthday party?

Yes. It will be nice if you ____.

A. do         B. do invite C. are         D. invite

6. Once environmental damage ____it takes many years for the system to recover.

       A. has doneB. is to do   C. does      D. is done

7. Travelers ____ that they should bring their ID cards with them.

       A. have reminded   B. are reminded      C. were reminding  D. had been reminded

8. Can I drive on the free wayMr. Green?

You can when you ____ a bit more skilled.

A. will get   B. are getting         C. will have got     D. get

9. In Switzerlandsix miles west of Geneva____ a collection of laboratory buildings.

       A. lie          B. are lying C. lies        D. lays

10. He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still ____.

       A. has been B. does       C. has        D. is

11. It won’t be to long before we ____ a way to smooth away these difficulties.

       A. work outB. will work out     C. had worked out  D. are working out

12. The grey building is where the workers liveand the white one is where the spare parts ____.

       A. are producing    B. are produced      C. producedD. being produced

13. —Put these glasses away before they ____.

       —OK. I’ll put them in the cupboard.

       A. have broken       B. are breaking      C. get broken    D. will be broken

14. I’ve been told that John____ from his journey to America. What about visiting him tonight?

  All right. I’ll call for you at 6:00 pm.

       A. had come back B. is back  C. came back    D. coming back

15. I’ve brought my tennis things along in case we____ time for a game tomorrow.

       A. shall have          B. have       C. will haveD. are going to have

16. ____ you ____ to the radio?

Noyou can turn it off.

A. Will; listen         B. Have; listened     C. Do; listen          D. Are; listening

17. Please call again. Jim____ a bath just now.

       A. has had  B. was having        C. is havingD. has

18. Are you a visitor here?

That’s right. I ____ round the world and now my dream of coming to China has come true.

A. have traveled     B. am traveling       C. was traveling     D. had

19. 24 hours has passed after the explosion in the minebut rescue efforts to recover the missing ____ carried out.

       A. are still being     B. have already been C. are always       D. will soon be

20. I can guess you were in a hurry. You ____ your sweater inside out.

       A. had worn          B. wore      C. are wearing   D. were wearing

21. You ____ television. Why not do something more active?

       A. always watch          B. are always watching

       C. have always watchedD. have always watching

22. You ____ things about. Lookwhat a mess in your room!

       A. always throwB. have always thrown

       C. are always throwing D. have always been throwing

23. When did he go to America?

       Ohhe____ there since half a year ago.

       A. went      B. has been C. has goneD. was

24. Did you blame him for his mistakes?

Yesbut I’d rather ____ it.

A. not do    B. not to doC. have not done    D. not have done

25. We’ll start at six o’clock if it ____ raining by then.

       A. stops     B. will stop C. has stopped   D. is to stop

26. ANKARA: The Turkish Government ____ to let the United States use its territory(领土) to re-supply US forces in neighboring Iraq.

       A. agrees    B. agreed    C. has agreed         D. is agreeing

27. Collecting stamps as a hobby ____ increasingly popular during the past fifty years.

       A. becomesB. became  C. has become   D. had become

28. Mary ____ the Washington Science Centre. She is disappointed that her father doesn’t allow her to go there with her class.

       A. often comes to   B. was going to      C. has never visited       D. had never been to

29. Peter said he would write but I ____ from him since then.

       A. have never heard      B. hadn’t heard

       C. didn’t hear    D. haven’t been heard

30. It ____ every day so far this month.

       A. rained    B. rains      C. is rainingD. has rained

31. —Alice’s second-hand computer____ wrong although she used it only once.

  —You’d better go to check it.

       A. went      B. is going  C. has goneD. had gone

32. ____ my dictionary?

       Yes. I put it in your desk just now.

       A. Do you see        B. Have you seen    C. Did you see   D. Had you seen

33. Give me an undisturbed hour and I’ll see to the work Tom ____ unfinished.

       A. will leaveB. is leavingC. has left   D. had left

34. PowerPoint ____ a necessary part of business meetings since Microsoft introduced it ten years ago.

       A. has become      B. had become      C. will become       D. would become

35. Bring me a hammerwill you? I ____ to hang the picture for a long time.

       A. had meant         B. have been meaning    C. mean         D. meant

36. You look very tired. Why?

I ____ in the lab too long. I think I should stop work and have a good rest.

A. have been working    B. am working C. had worked      D. work

37. Waiterwhat about my food? I ____ for over 20 minutes.

Ohsorrysir. Just one more minuteplease.

       A. have waited       B. was waiting   C. have been waiting D. had waited

38. Isn’t it hard to drive downtown to work?

       Yesthat’s why I____ to work by train.

       A. have been going B. have gone          C. was going         D. will have gone

39. She ought to stop working; she has a headache because she____ too long.

       A. had read B. read       C. is reading          D. has been reading

40. —____ your paper last night?

      Almost. I still have ten more pages to type.

       A. Had you finished      B. Did you finish

       C. Have you finished     D. Have you been finishing

41. Look! Someone has spilt coffee on the carpet.

       WellIt ____ me.

       A. isn’t      B. wasn’t          C. hasn’t been        D. hadn’t been

42. Who is the old man talking with your teacher?

I don’t know. I ____ him before.

A. was never seeing B. had never seen  C. never saw         D. wouldn’t see

43. How time flies! It’s already twelve o’clock.

Ohreally? I ____ it at all.

A. don’t realize       B. didn’t realize      C. haven’t realized  D. hadn’t realized

44. I would have come to see you earlierbut I ____too busy.

       A. had beenB. were      C. was       D. would be

45. Why! Where’s my passport? Maybe I left it on the plane.

My Goodness! You ____ things behind.

A. had never left     B. didn’t leave        C. never leftD. haven’t left

46. What are you looking for?

   I can’t remember where I ____ my glasses.

       A. leave      B. left         C. had left  D. have left

47. You haven’t said a word about my new coatBrenda. Do you like it?

       I’m sorry I____ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it’s pretty on you.

       A. didn’t say          B. don’t sayC. wasn’t saying    D. won’t say

48. I wonder why the boy I____ honest was caught cheating in the examination.

       A. considered        B. considerC. have considered D. had considered

49. The chairman told the speaker that she____ to speak a little louder so as to make herself ____.

       A. had hoped; hear       B. had expected; hear   

       C. was expected; heard       D. was hoped; heard

50. Little Tom decided to get up early so as not to be scolded by his teacherbut before long he ____ to his own way.

       A. would return      B. returned back     C. had returned back D. returned

51. —It’s at least ten years since we parted with each otherJoe.

—____.

—Neither would I haveif I hadn’t been called.

       A. You haven’t changed a bitJim   B. I made you out on seeing youJim

       C. I had thought I would meet you hereJim D. I didn’t recognize you at firstJim

52. —HelloJim. I ____ to see you today. Sonia said you____ ill.

       —OhI’m OK.

       A. didn’t expect; were  B. don’t expect; were   

       C. haven’t expected; are          D. am not expecting; are

53. I had meant to go and help him out with the troublebut I ____ to do so because of the heavy rain.

       A. failed     B. have failed         C. had failed          D. fail

54. Why didn’t you turn up at the meeting?

I ____ for a long-distance call from my father in England.

A. waited    B. had waited         C. was waiting   D. have been waiting

55. Look at this! I ____ some magazines and found this letter.

       A. am looking through  B. look through

       C. had looked through   D. was looking through

56. You look tired. What happened?

I ____ non-stop until 5 o’clock this morning.

A. have been working    B. have worked C. was working   D. had worked

57. Has Jack finished his homework yet?

I’ve no ideabut he ____ it this afternoon.

A. would doB. was doing          C. did         D. had done

58. The thief tried to break away from the policeman who ____ him but failed.

       A. held       B. had held C. would hold        D. was holding

59. The girl fell off the wooden bridge when she ____ the river.

       A. was crossing     B. crossed  C. had been crossing     D. was to cross

60. Did you see Sandy in the manager’s office?

Yesshe ____ by the manager.

A. is questioned      B. was being questioned C. had been questioned D. was questioned

61. You never should have gone out in the rain.    

  I wouldn’t havebut they ____.

       A. expectedB. are expecting     C. were expecting  D. had expected

62. Excuse mesir. Would you do me a favor?

       Of course. What is it?

       I____ if you could tell me how to fill out this form.

       A. had wondered    B. would wonder    C. has wondered    D. was wondering

63. —What have you been doing? I asked you a questionwhy didn’t you answer?

       —Sorry. I ____ to the news on the radio.

       A. listened  B. have listened      C. listen     D. was listening    

64. I rang you at about tenbut there was no reply.

Ohthat was probably when I ____ my neighbor.

       A. visited    B. was going to visit C. was visiting     D. had visited

65. What’s the matterJim? You look sad.

 Ohnothing much. ActuallyI____ of my friends.

       A. am thinking       B. have just thought C. was just thinking D. had just thought

66. Ohthat’s just my missing book. Where on earth was it?

       It____ off the table into the corner.

       A. has fallenB. fell         C. had fallen          D. is falling

67. Tom came back home the day before yesterday.

Really? Where ____ at all?

A. had he been   B. has he been        C. had he gone   D. has he gone

68. I ____ much farther ____ I caught up with her.

       A. hadn’t gone; until     B. hadn’t gone; before

       C. didn’t go; then         D. was not going; when

69. All flights ____ because of the snowstorm. Many passengers had to take the train instead.

       A. had canceled(取消) B. was canceled C. have canceled D. had been canceled

70. I delayed ____ your letter because I ____ for a week.

       A. writing; had left home          B. to send; have been out     

       C. answering; had been away          D. replying; had been off

71. What were you doing when I phoned you last night?

  I ____ my composition and was starting to take a bath.

       A. have already finishedB. had just finished

       C. was going to finish   D. was finishing

72. Have you seen your nephew lately?

Yesin fact I saw him yesterday. I____ him for three years.

       A. haven’t seen     B. didn’t see          C. hadn’t seen       D. don’t see

73. Mr Walcott told me that four-fifths of the houses ____.

       A. have been sold out    B. had been sold out

       C. were sold outD. was sold out

74. Until thenhis family ____ from him for two months.

       A. didn’t hear        B. hasn’t heard      C. hadn’t heard     D. haven’t heard

75. At last we got the letter we____ long____.

       A. have; been expectingB. were; expecting

       C. had; been expected  D. had; been expecting

76. The computers made by our company sell bestbut several years ago no one could have imagined the role in the markets that they ____.

       A. were playing      B. were to play       C. had played         D. played

77. Unfortunatelywhen I dropped inDoctor Li____ for Beijing to join in the fight against SARSso we only had time for a few words.

       A. just left  B. has just left       C. is just leaving    D. was just leaving

78. Because I____ the next dayI went to bed early on Saturday evening.

       A. was leaving   B. will leaveC. had left  D. was about to leave

79. You’d better set about making preparations for the New Year’s partyor it ____ too late.

       A. isB. was       C. has been D. will be

80. We ____ at 6:45and hope ____ most of the journey by lunch time.

       A. left; to have done     B. are leaving; to have done

       C. leave; to be doing     D. are leaving; to do

81. While people may refer to television for up-to-the-minute newsit is unlikely that television ____ the newspaper completely.

       A. replace   B. have replaced     C. replaced D. will replace

82. My money ____. I must go to the bank to draw some of my savings out before I’ve none in hand.

       A. has run out        B. is running out     C. has been run out       D. is being run out

83. Until you’ve finished your workyou ____ allowed to leave.

       A. will be    B. will not be         C. will have been    D. are

84. Is Dad going to the park together with us this Saturday?

  He won’t be free then. He____ a meeting.

       A. will be attending B. has attended      C. is attending       D. ought to attend

85. I’ll give an appointment on Fridaythe 22nd. Will that be all right?

       I’m sorryI ____ on 22nd.

       A. will be working  B. am working   C. can work          D. work

86. By the time you get to the airportshe ____ for New Zealand.

       A. would be leaving B. has already left C. is leaving D. will have left

87. By next Saturday Tom ____ a whole month without smoking a cigarette.

       A. will have gone    B. has been going   C. will go          D. has gone

88. The meeting____ a full week by the time it ends.

       A. will have lasted  B. has lasted          C. would last         D. had lasted

89. Officials of the Walt Disney predicted thatby 2010China____ at least two Disneyland parks.

       A. will have had     B. is to have          C. would have       D. already have

90. By next summer John____ in this factory for thirteen years.

       A. has been working     B. will have been working

       C. will be working        D. has worked

91. Could you take a message for Mr. Green?

       Certainly. I____ him about something else in any caseso it____ any bother.

       A. may see; isn’t    B. see; won’t be     C. will see; is         D. will be seeing; won’t be

92. Mrs Green wants to pay for that kind of cloth because she ____ that the cloth ____ very well.

       A. has been told; washes      B. has told; washes

C. has been told; is washed      D. is told; is washed

93. Robert ____ me his address the other daybut I’m afraid I ____ it.

       A. had given; lost         B. has given; have lost

       C. gave; have lost         D. gives; lost

94. Shelly____ California for Texas and____ there ever since. You can go and pay her a visit on your way to Mexico.

       A. left; worked  B. has left; had worked

       C. left; has worked       D. has left; worked

95. Half of their money ____ on the project which ____ thousands of dollars.

       A. has been spent; will be cost  B. has been paid; will cost

       C. has wasted; will spend         D. has been spent; will cost

96. Tomorrow ____ my birthday. I’d like you and Jane to come.

I’m not sure if she ____ free.

A. will be; is          B. is going to; is     C. is; is      D. is; will be

97. Why haven’t you asked her to come here?

She ____ an important experiment when I found her and she ____ it.

A. had done; didn’t finish         B. was doing; hasn’t finished

C. did; wouldn’t finish  D. would do; hadn’t finished

98. Watch!

I ____ but I ____ anything unusual.

A. watched; have watched       B. have watched; see

C. was watching; wasn’t seeingD. am watching; don’t see

99. When I entered the step-classroomthe lecture ____ and the audience ____ attentively.

       A. began; listened         B. was begun; was listening

       C. had already begun; listening  D. had begun; were listening

100. What were you up to when she dropped in?

I ____ for a while and ____ some reading.

A. had played; was going to do B. played; did

C. had played; did         D. was playing; was going to do

101. What were you doing when Tom came to see you?

I ____ on my overcoat and ____ to visit a friend of mine.

A. have just put; leavingB. was put; was left

C. had just put; was leaving      D. was putting; left

102. How are the Houston Rockets playing?

 They____ off to a bad startbut they are playing quite well.

       A. had got  B. was getting       C. got        D. has got

103. Li Lei____ in France for about two yearsso he____ much difficulty in understanding French.

       A. has been; doesn’t have         B. had been; hadn’t had

       C. went; didn’t have     D. has gone; didn’t have

104. Ohhere you aremy dear I ____youand you have come back on time as____.

      A. was expecting; supposed     B. have expected; supposing

      C. expected; supposed D. am expecting; supposing

105. —The girl ____ weight recently.

—Yes. She ____ too much.

       A. has gained; is eating  B. gains; eats

       C. is gaining; ateD. is gaining; eats

106. The meeting was to____ at 9 o’clock but the manager____ until twenty minutes later.

       A. start; didn’t turn up B. have started; didn’t turn up

       C. start; hadn’t turned up        D. be started; hadn’t turned up

107. ____ the fans____ the pop band at the guesthouse?

Nothey____ away by the organizer of the performance before they arrived there.

       A. Haveseen; have driven      B. Hadseen; were driven

       C. Didsee; had been driven    D. Haveseen; had driven

108. He ____ to the railway station to meet usbut he didn’t recognize us.

       A. didn’t goB. had goneC. tried to go         D. did go

109. I’m sorryI shouldn’t have been so rude to you.

You ____ your temper but that’s OK.

A. have lostB. had lost  C. did lose  D. were losing

110. We have done things we ought not to have done and ____ undone things we ought to have done.

       A. left        B. leave      C. will leaveD. leaving

111. She lost her moneyand I wasn’t surprised that she ____ because she was too careless.

       A. did         B. did it      C. did so    D. did that

112. I’m not sure who is to ____ the fire?

       A. blame for starting B. be blamed for starting C. blame to start D. be blamed to start

113. Don’t get that ink on your shirtfor it____.

       A. won’t wash out       B. won’t be washing out

       C. wasn’t washed out   D. doesn’t wash away

114. Did you go to visit her while she ____ in New York?

I ____ tobut I was extremely busy.

A. stayed; was intending      B. stayed; was intended

C. was staying; have intended          D. was staying; had intended

115. You have promised to gothen why aren’t you getting ready?

I ____ you ____ to go at once.

A. haven’t realized; want          B. didn’t realize; wanted

C. don’t realized; want  D. don’t realize; wanted

116. You are still here? I ____ you ____ Beijing.

       A. think; are leaving for B. think; have already left for

       C. thought; would leave for      D. thought; had already left for

117. He ____ he would be able to leave tomorrowbut it’s beginning to look difficult.

       A. hopes     B. was hoping        C. had hoped         D. hoped

118. Henryfancy meeting you here.

   It’s Jack. SorryI ____ you ____ to me.

       A. didn’t thinkwere speaking B. don’t thinkspoke

       C. didn’t thinkspoke  D. thoughtare speaking

动词词语辨析:

1. A bank in Shenzhen ____ 5 yuan for a “cash counting fee” when a customer deposited(存款) a bag of coins.

       A. took       B. asked     C. bargained          D. charged

2. How can the problem be solved?

Wellwe must ____ it to the president’s own judgment.

      A. depend   B. suggest  C. expect    D. leave

3. I’ve visited a lot of different countries and stayed in a lot of different countriesbut nothing else ____ this one.

       A. wins      B. matches C. makes    D. takes

4. No matter how much money you haveit cannot ____ a healthy body.

       A. match    B. fit          C. defeat    D. compare

5. On the long journeyPeter ____ a most interesting guide. We all had a wonderful time.

       A. practisedB. behaved  C. proved          D. conducted

6. We had thought the examination would be difficultbut it ____ easy.

       A. turned    B. came      C. appearedD. proved

7. Children under six are not ____ to school except those of extraordinary intelligence(智力超常).

       A. permittedB. admitted C. acceptedD. received

8. Always acting in a strange wayEinstein must have ____ to people around to be mad.

       A. shown          B. imagined C. appearedD. thought

9. The horse ____ the danger and stopped.

       A. sensed          B. imagined C. smelled  D. tasted

10. Does he work hard at his lessons?

Yeshe ____ no effortsI dare say.

A. spends          B. shares    C. spares    D. wastes

11. He has got used to ____ to everything himself.

       A. leading   B. seeing    C. sticking  D. referring

12. Howeverat times this balance in nature is ____resulting in a number of possibly unforeseen effects.

       A. troubled B. puzzled   C. mixed    D. disturbed

13. Every language____ more than 100,000 wordsbut____ are not used very frequently.

       A. includesmany       B. containsmany of these words

       C. hasmany of whichD. ownsmany of them

14. After much exploration they finally ____ a new route to the salt lake.

       A. discovered         B. invented C. made up D. recovered

15. Afraid of being scolded by the teacherTom ____ a story to explain why he was late.

       A. wrote     B. provided C. told        D. invented

16. Your desk is crowded with too many unnecessary things. You have to____ some of them.

       A. remain          B. reduce    C. remove  D. return

17. How come a simple meal like this costs so much?

  We have____ in your bill the cost of the teapot you broke just now.

       A. added    B. include  C. obtainedD. charged

18. In self-service restaurants waiters usually don’t bring you dishes. You have to____ yourself to whatever food you want.

       A. serve     B. bring     C. provide  D. help

19. Every time the driver tried to start the carthe wheel____ deeper in the mud.  

       A. stuck     B. fell         C. dropped D. sunk

20. Her sonto whom she was so____went abroad ten years ago.

       A. loved     B. cared     C. devoted  D. affected

21. Time past cannot be____ back again.

       A. shouted  B. cried      C. called     D. founded

22. In a way I can see what you meaneven though I don’t____ your point of view.

       A. permit    B. share      C. recognize          D. agree

23. Keep your passwords safe: Most on-line sites ____ a user name and password before placing an order.

       A. suggest  B. request   C. require          D. ask

24. After trying several timesI ____ to see him.

       A. attempted         B. succeeded         C. intended D. managed

25. After a year’s trainingI’m sure he will ____ the target.

       A. hit         B. strike     C. beat       D. knock

26. We both strongly ____ your going to Iraq at this time of the war. It’s not a wise decision.

       A. enjoy     B. oppose  C. appreciate         D. insist

27. The happy look on his face ____ that he had passed the final examination successfully.

       A. explainedB. suggested          C. expressed          D. described

28. What a tiring week! I wish I could afford to do something special.

       If you don’t mindI’d like to____ you to a vacation in Thailand.

       A. treat      B. serve     C. give       D. offer

29. It is believed that the new film filled with violence won’t____ for children.

       A. fit         B. care       C. prepare  D. do

30. In preparing scientific reports of laboratory experimentsyou should____ your findings in logical order and clear language.

       A. write     B. raise      C. present  D. put

31. In character-training of childrenwhat really____ much is what their parents say and do.

       A. matters  B. cares     C. considers          D. minds

32. ____ your stepPeteror you might fall into the water.

       A. Look out          B. Take      C. Watch   D. Notice

33. If you keep practicing your son in footballhe ____ to be a famous player.

       A. wants    B. hopes     C. wishes          D. promises

34. Did you say it would get colder this afternoon?

Yeah. I can ____ you.

A. promise  B. prove     C. persuadeD. answer

35. The work is ____ smoothly. I’m sure it will be finished in a month or so.

       A. progressing   B. improving          C. moving  D. keeping

36. Renaldo has been ____ European Footballer of the year for the second time.

      A. made     B. elected   C. named   D. chosen

37. Papermaking began in China and from here it ____ to North Africa and Europe.

       A. spread    B. grew      C. carried          D. developed

38. Now that the plan has been ____ outwe must ____ it out.

       A. worked; carry    B. kept; give          C. taken; put          D. brought; find

39. Don’t put the chair too close to the stove. Dry wood____ fire easilyyou know.

       A. lights     B. burns     C. makes    D. catches

40. Mumit is nice weather. I want to skate this afternoon.

       Don’t you think the ice on the lake is too thin to ____ your weight?

       A. stand     B. bear       C. catch     D. take

41. And finallywhen night at last camethe street ____and only the rubbish ____sadly blowing in the cooling night wind.

       A. emptiedremained  B. silencedleft

       C. calmedlay        D. changedpiled

42. Although Dora's Lawyer ____ that his 58-year-old client(当事人) would bring no more harm to societyshe was sentenced to death after all.

      A. declaredB. announced    C. discussed         D. argued

43. Copy the short passage at once.

Be quick! Nonot until I have ____ it.

A. seen       B. watchedC. studied   D. taken

44. —I’m afraid no one will agree with you.

 —I don’t think it ____.

       A. minds    B. matters   C. troubles  D. works out

45. His wife needed an operation at once. So he had to____ $ 3000 for his car.

       A. cost       B. pay        C. take       D. spend

46. The driver tried to ____ the accident by bringing the car to a sudden stop.

       A. cause     B. control          C. reduce          D. prevent

47. I shall ____ the loss of my briefcase in the newspaperwith a reward for the finder.

       A. advertiseB. inform    C. announce          D. publish

48. If only he works hardI don’t ____ when he finishes the report.

       A. expect    B. mind      C. hope      D. regret

49. It seems helpless to ____ any more time to this question. Let’s stop here.

       A. devote    B. spare      C. spend     D. stick

50. The baby-sister tried to ____ the baby to sleepand her soft voice soon took effect.

       A. get         B. manage  C. persuadeD. sing

51. Would you mind if I ____ my answer with yours?

Of course not. But I’m not sure whether mine is right.

A. examine B. test        C. check    D. compare

52. A universally accepted law is that energy can neither be created nor ____.

       A. composed         B. imagined C. destroyed          D. refused

53. He ____ the vase to the floor with such force that it broke into small pieces.

       A. dropped B. threw     C. placed    D. pulled

54. After moving into the townmy wife did some washing for the rich so that we had just enough to ____ our expenses.

       A. serve     B. support  C. satisfy    D. cover

55. Is dinner ready? I am very hungry now.

No. Mother is ____ it ready now.

A. doing     B. cooking  C. getting          D. preparing

56. Can’t you ____ the price more than that?

Sorrysir. That’s all I’m allowed to cut down.

A. raise      B. mark      C. reduce          D. decide

动词词组辨析:

1. The cinema was full and a lot of people had to be ____.

       A. turned inB. turned against    C. turned over        D. turned away

2. The government has ____ the parents to work with teachers in the education of their children.

       A. asked forB. called forC. looked for         D. paid for

3. The workers and peasants ____ the majority of the population of our country.

       A. make up B. are made up of   C. make up for   D. make up of

4. A great fire ____ in our town last night and many people became homeless.

       A. broke through    B. broke offC. broke out          D. broke down

5. Every minute and every second should be made full ____ of ____ the finals.

       A. use; to prepare for    B. using; prepare for

       C. use; preparing for     D. used; being prepared for

6. The truth will sooner or later ____.

       A. come about   B. turn out  C. come outD. give out

7. The teacher ____ excellent models of compositions for her class.

       A. held up   B. showed  C. checked D. got through

8. The early pioneers had to ____ many difficulties to settle on the new land.

       A. go back on        B. go through        C. go into          D. go along with

9. The boss ____ 30 dollars from my salary without any good reason.

       A. kept back          B. cut off          C. held up   D. brought down

10. I am afraid I am not fit for the jobbecause it is one____ a lot of patience.

       A. calling for          B. calling onC. searching for     D. depending on

11. In my opinionmedical treatment and special schools should be ____ disabled people.

       A. referred to         B. supplied with     C. given by D. provided for

12. In Britain today women ____ 44% of the workforceand nearly half the mothers with children are in paid work.

       A. build up  B. make up C. stand forD. send up

13. I’m sorry I can’t help ____ the task because I have to get a medical examination.

       A. pull through      B. get through       C. look through     D. pass through

14. Li Gang never gives his friends away. He always ____ them whatever happens.

       A. depends on        B. sticks to C. believes in         D. calls for

15. We haven’t seen Brown for a long time. As a matter of factwe____ him.

       A. have lost touch with B. have nothing to do with

       C. have quarreled with  D. have had a word with

16. As the situation was seriousthe general manager had to____ so that he could deal with it himself.

       A. take on  B. take turns         C. take up  D. take over

17. You cannot take the book out of the reading room.

       It doesn’t matter. I just want to____ it for some figures.

       A. refer to  B. prefer to C. look up in          D. look into

18. We thought of selling this old furniturebut we’ve decided to____ it. It might be valuable.

       A. hold on to          B. keep up with      C. turn to          D. look after

19. She will have to find somewhere else to workfor she can’t____ this loud noise any longer.

       A. come up with    B. catch up with    C. keep up with     D. put up with

20. How did it____ that you failed to____ in time yesterday?

       A. come up; turn down B. come on; turn over

       C. come over; turn off  D. come about; turn up

21. How is Dennis getting along with his work?

Wellhe could always____ a new idea for increasing sales.

       A. come up with    B. come about        C. get away with    D. get up

22. —How about going to see the film this evening?

 —OK. I’ll ____ you at exactly eight o’clock.

       A. wait for B. expect    C. bring      D. agree with

23. We can____ at the hotelor with friends.

      A. put over B. put up    C. put awayD. put off

24. The manager doesn’t have much free time as his work____ nearly all his spare time.

       A. takes away       B. takes in  C. takes upD. takes over

25. Did you come to the museum by bike yesterday?

       No. Two metres of snow fell during the night. As a resultseveral main roads____.

       A. piled snow         B. had been closed  C. were blocked     D. covered with snow

26. John has put on so much weight recently that his mother has to ____ all his trousers to his measure.

       A. let out   B. give away         C. bring in D. make up

27. The mother often tells her son to be a good boywarning him to____ trouble.

       A. hold back from  B. keep out of        C. break away from       D. get rid of

28. —HeyMaryI just bought a famous oil paintingyou should come and ____!

       —OKI’ll stop by tomorrow!

       A. check it out   B. find it out          C. leave it out        D. make it out

29. You should ____ what your parents expect of you.

       A. live up to          B. stand up to        C. look up to          D. run up to

30. The air pollution of the city has been ____ by 20 percent thanks to the strict measures taken by the government.

       A. fallen down       B. increasedC. reduced D. risen

31. The government had hoped to____ the gas price at their present levelbut it turned out impossible.

       A. stay up  B. bring up C. take up  D. keep up

32. What did you think of the concert given by the famous Hong Kong singer?

 Not so good. In factit____ to be a great disappointment.

       A. turned up          B. turned inC. turned down     D. turned out

33. I tried to work onbut I got so tired that I could no longer _____.

       A. keep outB. hold out  C. come down   D. come up

34. During the rush hour they were____ in the heavy traffic.

       A. held on   B. held out  C. held down         D. held up

35. They have____ most carefully the time and money needed to complete the project.

       A. picked out         B. taken outC. left out   D. figured out

36. The children were very quiet. I wonder what they are____.

       A. up to     B. crying for         C. going to D. stick to

37. — What does GDP ____?

  — Gross Domestic Product.

       A. look for B. stand forC. make of D. provide for

38. China will allow foreign banks to ____ renminbi in some cities of our country.

       A. deal in   B. deal withC. deal out D. deal at

39. We have got a lot of work to ____so let’s start right now.

       A. get through       B. get over  C. get alongD. get away

40. The train____ arrive at 10:30but it was 30 minutes late.

       A. was likely          B. was about to      C. was certain to    D. was supposed to

41. The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to ____.

       A. make it out       B. make it off         C. make it up         D. make it over

42. He ____ some French while he was away on a business trip in Paris.

       A. made out          B. picked up          C. gave up  D. took in

43. The sports meetoriginally due to be held last Fridaywas finally____ because of the bad weather.

       A. set up    B. broke down   C. worn outD. called off

44. —What’s the matter with you?

  —After the long walkmy legs ____ and couldn’t go any further.

       A. gave out B. gave off C. gave in  D. gave up

45. ____ and tell us. We are all anxious to know how the story ends up.

       A. Hold on  B. Carry outC. Speed upD. Go ahead

46. Not getting that job was a big letdown.

       Don’t worry. Something better will ____.

       A. come along        B. take on   C. go by     D. fall behind

47. Mother has brought her computer out into the garden. What is she____ with it there?

      A. going on B. up to      C. out of    D. getting on

48. Bad luck! Mary has just been ____ by her company for her failing health.

      A. turned down      B. put down          C. torn down         D. cut down

49. —OhI should have brought my umbrella.

  —____. Mine is big enough for two.

       A. Go aheadB. Go back C. Come over        D. Come in

50. I couldn’t____ what they were sayingfor they spoke to me at once.

       A. listen to  B. make outC. hear       D. make up

51. If law-breakers____the society will be in disorder.

       A. made unpunished B. came unpunished C. went unpunished    D. not punished

52. It is better to ask for help at the beginning rather than to wait until everyone is____ their feet.

       A. jumping up        B. standing up        C. rushed off         D. holding up

53. What did she____ so much money?

  Nothing but a necklace made of glass.

       A. spend on          B. pay off  C. buy for  D. sell to

54. When did the concert____?

      Ohtwo days ago.

       A. happen  B. take place         C. hold      D. start

55. Although Jane agrees with me on most pointshere was one on which she was unwilling to ____.

       A. give up  B. give in   C. give away         D. give off

56. The experiment ____ to be ____.

       A. turned out; great success     B. turned out; a great success

       C. turned into; greatly successful         D. turned up; great success

57. Water can be ____ into hydrogen and oxygen.

       A. broken down     B. broken up          C. broken off         D. broken out

58. Such a movie is ____ for adults only.

       A. admitted B. intended C. promisedD. permitted

59. Sometimes it is not easy to tell how a quarrel ____.

       A. comes inB. comes up          C. comes out         D. comes about

60. He ____ in the countrybut now he ____ in the noisy city.

       A. used to live; has been used to living  B. had used to live; has been used to live

       C. was used to living; is used to live     D. had used to live; had used to living

61. Don’t ____ the dictionary every time you come ____ a new word.

       A. refer to; by        B. look up; around  C. consult; over     D. turn to; across

62. He is unfit for the job ,which ____ patience and creativeness.

       A. calls in   B. calls off  C. calls for D. calls up

63. The poor man soon finished his workand ____ the field to the path where he had left his coat and shoes.

       A. went intoB. came across      C. came up D. came down

64. Recently in Taiwanthe manufacturing(制造) industry has ____ the information industry.

       A. found a way of  B. changed the way of C. given way to D. had a way of

65. We have a lot to ____ in the new year.

       A. go in for B. get along with    C. look forward to  D. take care of

66. ____ the population of your city?

       It____ a population of 30000.

       A. What has; has    B. What is; has       C. How much is; is D. What has; is

67. I was expected to ____ a written report every two months.

       A. send for B. send out C. send in   D. send off

68. We’ve invited Mr. and Mrs. Brown to dinner. But we’ll have to ____ because the baby’s sick.

       A. put them off      B. get them off       C. set them off   D. leave them off

69. Ohmy God! It’s just a sea of cars. How can you ____ your car?

That’s easy. Mine is colored differently from any other one.

A. take out  B. drive out C. pick out D. get out

70. His marked changes in character were ____ by a number of unfortunate incidents in life.

       A. brought out   B. brought up         C. brought about    D. brought to

71. You must ____ that book before you sit down at table.

       A. give away          B. get rid ofC. put awayD. do away with

72. Without proper lessonsyou could ____ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.

       A. put up    B. take up   C. pick up  D. grow up

73. The boy is telling a lie.

How do you know?

His face has given him ____.

A. off         B. up          C. away     D. out

74. Jenny looks funny in miniskirts.

But don’t you know miniskirts are starting to ____?

A. come in  B. turn backC. come round   D. come back

75. The advantage human beings have to____ the sun is worth discussing.

       A. do with B. play with          C. take of  D. have on

76. Can I do the job?

I’m afraid notbecause it ____ skill and patience.

A. calls for B. asks for  C. sends forD. cares for

77. The two sides have finally ____though some small differences still exist.

       A. made a decision B. reached an agreement       C. settled down      D. broken up

78. To everybody’s surprisethe fashionable young lady ____ to be a thief.

       A. found out          B. proved out         C. put out          D. turned out

79. What a pity! He ____ the only chance of success.

       A. threw away   B. put downC. gave in   D. broke off

80. The mail was ____ for two days because of the snowstorm.

       A. held out  B. held off  C. held up   D. held down

81. I feel silly in these clothes. Everyone will ____ me.

       A. worry about      B. make fun of   C. get rid ofD. take interest in

82. I don’t skate nowbut I ____ when I was a kid.

       A. used to   B. am used to it      C. used      D. used to do

83. Often he ____ sit for hours doing nothing at all.

       A. was used to   B. would    C. used to   D. should

84. The plan ____ just because people were unwilling to co-operate(合作).

       A. broke down   B. pulled down       C. turned down      D. put down

85. Some of the students have already learned enough English to ____ a conversation with an English speaker.

       A. go on     B. carry on C. keep on  D. hold on

 

高考试题:

时态和语态:

CACBC  BCBDC  BDDAA  BADDB  BBACA  DAAAD  BDDBA

DACCD  AABBB  DDCDC  BCBDC  CBADA  ACADB  BADDA

BBDBC  BBCAB  D

词义辨析与词语搭配:

ACDDA  CBCCA  CADCA  CACBA  DABBC  DBBCD  ACAAB

BCBAD  BDCDB  BCCBD  CBADA  ADAAA

能力过关检测:

时态和语态:BBCAA  DBDCD  ABCBB  DCBAC  BCBDC  CCCAD

          CBCAB  ACADB  BCBCC  BAACD  DAACD  CBDAB

          CDDCC  CABDC  BCBCD  BDADB  DBBAA  DAAAB

          DACCD  DBDDA  CCAAD  BCDCA  AAADB  DCA     

动词词语辨析:

          DDBAC  DBCAC  BDBAD  CBABC  ABCDA  BBADC

          ACDAA  CAADB  ADCBC  DABAD  CCBCC  C

动词词组辨析:

          DBACA  CABAA  DBBBA  DAADD  ABBCC  ABAAC

          DDBDD  ABAAD  ABDAD  ABACB  CCCBB  BABDA

DCBCC  BCACC  CCCDC  ABDAC  BABAB

 

 

前言

1、名词

2、冠词

3、代词

4、数词

5、介词

6、连词

7、形容词和副词

8、谓语动词

9、主谓一致

10、情态动词

11、虚拟语气

12、非谓语动词

13、句子的成分

14、简单句

15、并列句

16、复合句

17、直接引语与间接引语

18、倒装句

19、独立主格结构

20、否定结构

21、省略

22、插入语

23、情景交际

24、中学英语动词短语

25、常用不规则动词表

26、语法项目表

27、答案