GRAMMAR TUTORSHIP

第十五章 并列句

基础知识解析

一、并列句的意义:含有两个或更多的相互并列的主谓结构的句子,叫做并列句。并列句用连词、逗号、分号来连接,其基本结构是:分句1+并列连词+分句2……。

二、并列连词的分类:

1、表示增补关系的连词有andboth…and…neither…nor…not…nor…not only…but also…as well as等。如:

The teacher’s name is Smithand the student’s name is John. 老师的名字是史密斯,学生的名字是约翰。

Not only did the restaurant overcharge mebut they hadn’t served me well. 餐馆不仅要价太高,而且对我的服务也不周到。

Neither has he changed his mindnor will he do so. 他既没有改变主意,也不打算这样做。

2、表示选择关系的连词有oror elseeither…or…whether…or…otherwise。如:

Hurry upor you’ll miss the train. 赶快,否则你就要误火车了。

I must work much harderotherwise I cannot catch up with the other classmates. 我必须更努力学习,要不然我就赶不上其他同学。

Either you are wrongor I am. 不是你错了,就是我错了。

3、表示转折关系的连词有butwhilestillhoweveryetwhen。如:

He was a little man with thick glassesbut he had a strange way of making his classes lively and interesting. 他个子矮小,戴着深度眼镜,但他有独特的方法使课堂生动有趣。

She is seriously illstill there is hope of her recovery. 她病得很重,然而仍有希望康复。

One cannot see windhoweverit does exist. 人们看不见风,可是它确实存在。

It is very goodyet it can be better. 这很好,但还能精益求精。

Some experiments are difficult while others are easy. 有些实验是困难的,而其他一些实验则是容易的。

He was just going to speak when the bell rang. 他正要说话,这时铃响了。

This morning Alice was just about to go out when the door opened and in came some strangers. 今天早晨,爱丽丝正要出去,这时门开了,走进来几个陌生人。

4、表示因果关系的连词有forsotherefore。如:

August is the time of the year for rice harvestso every day I work from dawn until dark. 八月是每年稻谷收割的时节,因此,每天我从早干到晚。

The oil must be outfor the lamp has gone out. 油一定用完了,因为灯已熄灭。

It was rainingtherefore we remained at home. 天下雨了,因此我们只好呆在家里。

5、有些并列句,由于各分句之间有相当密切的关系,可不用并列连词来连接,只用逗号或分号隔开。如:

Let’s hurryit’s getting late. 快点,已经晚了。

6、以andas well asneithernor)连接的并列句中,后面的某些成分常被省略。如:

We study English and they (study) German. 我们学英语,而他们学德语。

He often goes to the museum as well as (he often goes) to the concert. 他经常去博物馆,也常去音乐会。

7、用soneithernor)代替前句中出现的句子成分,这时语序需倒装。如:

He likes to study Englishso do I. 他喜欢学英语,我也喜欢。

I haven’t seen the filmneither has he. 我没看过这部电影,他也没看过。

 

高考试题归类

1. ____ many timesbut he still couldn't understand it. 1983

       A. Having been told      B. Though had been told

       C. He was told D. Having told

2. We must get up early tomorrow____ we'll miss the first bus to the Great Wall. 1989

       A. so         B. or         C. but        D. beside

3. —I don't like chicken ____ fish.

 —I don't like chicken____ I like fish very much. 1993

       A. and; andB. and; but C. or; but   D. or; and

4. —Would you like to come to dinner tonight?

 —I'd like to____ I'm too busy. 1994

       A. and       B. so         C. as         D. but

5. She thought I was talking about her daughter____in factI was talking about my daughter. 1995

       A. whom          B. whereC. which          D. while

6. Would you like a cup of coffee ____ shall we get down to business right away? 1995

       A. and       B. then      C. or         D. otherwise

7. The changes in the city will cost quite a lot________they will save us money in the long run. 2000春】

A. orB. since   C. for       D. but

8. Excuse me for breaking in____ I have some news for you. NMET2002

A. so      B. and        C. but        D. yet

9. Would you like to come to the dinner party here on Saturday?

Thank you. I’d love to____ I’ll be out of town at the weekend. 【京2002

A. because  B. and        C. so      D. but

10. We’re going to the bookstore in John’s car. You can come with us ____ you can meet us there later. NMET2003

       A. but        B. and        C. or      D. then

 

能力过关检测

1. Didn’t you hear the telephone?

No. The music was playing very loudly. ____ I didn’t hear the telephone.

A. otherwise          B. but     C. so      D. because

2. We must help him with his lessons ____ he won’t be able to pass the exam.

       A. and        B. but     C. or      D. so

3. Tommy caught the school bus____.

       A. and Jane did eitherB. but so did Jane  

C. and Jane didn’t either      D. but Jane didn’t

4. Spring is coming; ____ gets warmer and warmerand trees turn green.

       A. that        B. it       C. which    D. as it

5. Please ____ come in or go outdon’t stand there in the doorway.

       A. neither          B. and    C. for         D. either

6. What the woman said sounded strange____ it was true.

       A. but yet          B. and    C. and yet          D. and but

7. Someone must have left the tap on____ the water was running over and flooding the bathroom.

       A. thereforeB. since  C. because  D. for

8. Neither of them knew where I would go____ I would start.

       A. or that    B. nor that     C. or when D. nor when

9. They knew that we needed a computer____ we had no money to buy one.

       A. and if     B. and whether          C. but that         D. but which

10. One more word____ he’ll get angry.

       A. so      B. and    C. or      D. but

11. The news may be unexpected; ____it is true.

       A. nevertheless   B. and    C. or      D. for

12. I was wandering through the street ____ I caught sight of a tailor’s shop.

       A. while     B. when C. and        D. yet

13. You are in the right____ we should support you.

       A. because  B. therefore       C. and        D. but

14. She has weaknesses. That____doesn’t mean she is not qualified for the job.

       A. so      B. for     C. as well as          D. however

15. Bob’s father talked to him till he was blue in the face____ it did no good; the boy quit school anyway.

       A. because  B. since  C. but        D. therefore

 

Key:

高考试题归类:CBCDD  CDCDC

能力过关检测:CCDBD  ADDCB  ABBDC

 

 

 

 

前言

1、名词

2、冠词

3、代词

4、数词

5、介词

6、连词

7、形容词和副词

8、谓语动词

9、主谓一致

10、情态动词

11、虚拟语气

12、非谓语动词

13、句子的成分

14、简单句

15、并列句

16、复合句

17、直接引语与间接引语

18、倒装句

19、独立主格结构

20、否定结构

21、省略

22、插入语

23、情景交际

24、中学英语动词短语

25、常用不规则动词表

26、语法项目表

27、答案