GRAMMAR TUTORSHIP

第二十二章 插入语

基础知识解析

一、概述:英语句子中(尤其在口语中)常插入一些单词、短语或者句子,用来补充某些含义,增强句子结构的创新性和语境的复杂性,语法上称它们为“插入语”。插入语通常用逗号与句子隔开,用来表示说话者对句子所表达的意思的态度。使用插入语,可以增强文章的连贯性、逻辑性和可读性。插入语可以是一个词,也可以是一个短语或一个句子。

二、插入语的类型:

1、单词(多是副词):indeedcertainlysurelythoughbesideshoweverotherwisetherefore等副词,虽然它们本身不是连接词,但可以表示出一定的逻辑关系,起到一定的连接作用。但它们和插入语有些相似,常常用逗号把它与句子的其它部分隔开。如:

She is looking fitthough. 她看起来倒是很健康。

I canhoweverdiscuss this when I see you. 然而,我可以在见到你的时候再讨论这件事。

His spoken English is very goodindeed. 他的英语口语的确很好。

Certainlyshe won’t go with you. 当然她不会和你一起走的。

2、短语(介词短语、分词短语、不定式短语、固定短语等):如in brief, in short, in general, of course, in fact, in other words, in a word, on the whole, generally speaking, strictly speaking, judging from, to make the matter worse, to tell the truth, to be frank, to be honest, to sum up, to start with, be begin with, to be sure, worse than all, worse than ever, worse still, what’s worse, what’s more, strange to say, or rather等等。

China and Indiafor exampleare neighbours. 例如,中国和印度就是邻居。

By the waywhere are you from?顺便问一句,你是哪里人?

3、句子。常见的有I am sure, I mean, that is to say, as we know, as I can see, as far as I know, believe it or not等。

He is an honest manI believe. 我相信,他是个诚实的人。

Jackas far as I knowisn’t clever. 就我所知,杰克并不聪明。

4、复杂特殊疑问句。这种疑问句常用来征询对方对某一疑问点的看法、判断、认识、猜度或请求对方重复一遍说过的话。常用的动词有saysupposeguessbelieveconsiderthinkimagine等。如:

How long did you say she would stay here?=How long would she stay heredid you say?依你说,她会在那儿呆多久?

When do you suppose they’ll be back?=When will they be backdo you suppose?你认为他们什么时候会回来?

How old did you think she was?你认为她有多大年纪了?

What explanation do you suppose the teacher could give?你认为老师会如何解释?

Who do you guess broke the window?你认为是谁打破了窗子?

〖注〗这种带插入语的混合疑问句与带有宾语从句的一般问句在结构上是不同的。如:

Do you know who broke the window?你知不知道是谁打破了窗子?

二、插入语的位置:插入语通常位于句中,并用逗号隔开。但有时,也可位于句首或句末,也不一定用逗号隔开。如:

You know that I think you are wrong. 我认为,你明白你错了。

What on earth do you mean?究竟是什么意思?

You may learn to play the violin in(let’s) saythree years. 你可以,比如说,在三年之内学会拉小提琴。

三、插入语的作用:一般来说,插入语在句中不起主要作用。如果把插入语去掉,句子的含义不受多大影响。但是,有的插入语却是句子不可缺少的一部分。如:

He got the news from nobody knows where. 他这消息谁也不知道是从哪里得到的。

〖注〗如果把上句中的“nobody knows”去掉,句子含义就不清楚,意义也就不通顺了。

四、熟记下列常用作插入语的词语:above all首先、首要;after a (short) while不久以后;after all毕竟、终究;again and again反复地、再三地;all day整天、一天到晚;all the best万事如意;all the same仍然;all the time一直;as a matter of fact事实上、其实;as a result结果;as usual像平常一样;at a time每次、一次;at first起先;at last最后、终于;at least至少;at once立刻、马上;at one time以前、曾经;at one's own expense自费;at present现在、目前;at the latest最迟、至迟;at the same time同时;before long不久;by the way顺便说、顺便问一下;e. g. =for example例如;first of all首先;for a while暂时、一时;for one thing首先;from now on从今以后;from then on从那时起;from time to time有时、不时;generally speaking一般说来;hand in hand并进、联合;in a word总之、简言之;in other words换句话说;in actual fact事实上;in fact实际上、事实上;in one's opinion依照某人的看法;in that case假若那样的话;in this way用这种方法;judging from根据……判断;now and again时而;now and then有时、不时地;of course当然;so far到现在为止;sooner or later迟早;that is也就是说;to be honest老实说;to tell the truth说老实话;to one's astonishment/delight/joy/surprise/令某人吃惊/高兴/惊奇的是

 

高考试题归类

1. John plays football ____if not better thanDavid. NMET1994

       A. as well          B. as well as          C. so well          D. so well as

2. We all write____even when there’s not much to say. NMET1994

       A. now and then     B. by and by          C. step by step   D. more or less

3. Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard____you failed. NMET99

       A. in the end          B. after all          C. in other words D. at the same time

4. It is so nice to hear from her. ____we last met more than thirty years ago. 【京2002

       A. What’s more      B. That is to say     C. In other words   D. Believe it or not

 

Key:

高考试题归类:BACD

 

 

 

 

前言

1、名词

2、冠词

3、代词

4、数词

5、介词

6、连词

7、形容词和副词

8、谓语动词

9、主谓一致

10、情态动词

11、虚拟语气

12、非谓语动词

13、句子的成分

14、简单句

15、并列句

16、复合句

17、直接引语与间接引语

18、倒装句

19、独立主格结构

20、否定结构

21、省略

22、插入语

23、情景交际

24、中学英语动词短语

25、常用不规则动词表

26、语法项目表

27、答案