GRAMMAR TUTORSHIP

附录II

中学英语动词短语

add…to 把……加到……上 agree on 商定;决定;达成共识

agree to do sth. 同意做某事  agree with同意某人(或某人意见)

arrive in/at到达;抵达 ask…for询问;向……要

be (feel) afraid of sth. /doing sth. 害怕  be able to能;会

be about to do sth. 即将  be angry with生(某人的)气

be anxious about为……而忧虑  be born出生于

be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事  be busy with sth. 忙于……

be careful当心;小心  be different from和……不同

be familiar with对……熟悉 be famous for因……而著名

be fit for适合于  be fond of爱好;喜爱

be from 从……来;是……人 be good at 在……方面(学得,做得)好;善于

be good/bad for对……有益/有害的  be in hospital(生病)住院

be in love with与……相爱  be late for迟到

be made from由……制造  be made of……制的;用……制成的

be made up of由……组成  be out出去;在外

be over结束  be popular with somebody受某人欢迎

be proud of为……而自豪  be related to与……有关

be rich in在……充足(充裕)  be seated坐着;坐下

be tired of厌烦做某事 be uncertain about对……不确定

be used to习惯于 be worth doing值得做……

be/get dressed穿衣服  beat…to death打死

become interested in对……感兴趣 beg one's pardon请原谅

begin…with从……开始  believe in相信;信任

belong to属于  blow away刮走;吹走

break away from脱离……  break down(把化合物等)分解

break into破门而入;闯入  break off打断;折断

break out(战争、火灾等)突然发生;爆发  break the rule违反规定

break up分解;腐蚀 bring down降低、使倒下

bring in引来,引进;吸收、引入;增加  bring on使前进

bring up教育;培养 build up逐步建立

burn down把……烧成平地;烧光 burn…to the ground 把……烧光(烧成平地)

burst into laughter 突然大笑起来  burst into tears突然哭起来

call at (a place)访问(某地)  call back回电话

call for要求;号召;约请  call in召来;召集

call on拜访;访问  care for喜欢;想要

carry off夺走  carry on继续下去;继续开展

carry out开展;执行;实现  catch a bus赶公共汽车

catch a cold伤风;感冒  catch fire着火

catch up (with)赶上 change one's mind改变想法(主意)

change…for…用……换……  change…into转换成;把……变成

check out查明;结账  clear away把……清除掉

clear up(天气)放晴、整理;收拾  come about发生;产生

come across(偶然)遇见;(偶然)发现 come along走吧

come back回来;来 come from 来(自);出生于

come in进来 come on赶快

come out出来;(书等)出版;发行 come over过来;顺便来访

come round(走)过来;来;再来  come to共计;达到

come true变为现实;实现 come up抬头;上来;上升

compare…with… 把……和……进行比较  compared to与……相比

congratulate…on祝贺  connect to连接;相连

connect with与……相连 consider doing sth. 考虑做某事

consider…as(把某人)看作…… cut off切断

cut up齐根割掉;切碎  date from属于(某一历史时期);始于

deal with处理;对付  depend on依靠;相信;信赖

devote to把……献于;把……用于  die of死于

die out消失;灭亡  divide up分配

divide…into把……分成……  do a good deed做件好事

do one's best尽力 do one's homework做家庭作业

do sb. a favor帮某人一个忙  do sport运动;(体育)运动

do the deed付诸行动;生效  do the shopping买东西

do the washing洗衣服 do well (in)做得好;表现好

do wrong做坏事;犯罪  dream of向往;渴望;梦想

dress up穿上盛装;乔装打扮 drop in顺便走访(某人)

earn one's living谋生 eat up吃光;吃完

end up结束;告终  enjoy oneself过得愉快

fall asleep睡着;入睡  fall behind落后;跟不上

fall ill患病 fall in love with爱上……

fall off跌落;掉下;下降  fall over向前摔倒;跌倒;倒下

fall to pieces崩溃;倒塌 feel worried感到忧虑

find out找出;查明 fix a date for确定……的日期

fix up安顿;修理好 get / be ready for为……准备好

get along with与……相处  get away逃跑

get back回来;返回 get close to接近

get down下来;落下  get down to开始认真(做某事)

get home回到家  get in touch with与……联系;与……接触

get into the habit of染上……的习惯  get married结婚

get off脱下(衣服等)  get on上车

get on… with…与……相处…… get rid of处理;去掉

get through通过;拨通(电话)  get to到达

get together聚会;联欢  get up起床

get warm (long)变暖和(长) give a talk做报告;做演讲

give advice 提建议  give back归还;送回

give birth to生;产生  give in屈服;让步

give off发出(光等) give out分发

give up放弃  give…a call给……打个电话

give…the message  捎口信给……  go against反对;不利于

go ahead用吧  go away走开;离开

go back回去 go bad(食物)变坏;坏掉

go by走过;经过;过去 go for a walk去散步

go home回家 go off走开

go on继续 go on doing继续干某事;不停地做某事

go on with继续 go over仔细检查

go shopping买东西  go skating去滑冰;去溜冰

go through浏览;翻阅 go to bed睡觉

go to school去上学  go to the classroom 去教室

go up上涨;上升 grow up生长

hand down把……传下来 hand in交上来;递交

hand out分发 have (got) a cough(患)咳嗽

have / take a rest休息一会儿  have … to do with  与……有关

have …on有事;有约会 have a drink of喝一点……

have a gift for对……有天赋  have a good time玩得很高兴;过得很愉快

have a good trip旅行愉快 have a look看一看

have a seat坐下 have a swim游泳

have a talk with与……谈话 have a test参加测试

have a word with和……说句话 have an effect on对……产生影响

have breakfast吃早饭  have lunch吃午饭

have sports进行体育活动  have supper吃晚饭

have…on戴着;穿着  hear about听说

hear from收到……来信  hear of听说

help oneself to请随便吃点……;自取  help…out帮助某人解决困难

help…with帮助(某人做某事) hold a (sports) meeting  举行(运动)会

hold on(打电话时)不挂断;等等;停住  hold one's breath屏息;不出声

hold out伸出 hold up阻挡;使停顿

hurry off匆匆离去;赶快去  hurry up赶快

insist on坚持;坚持认为;坚决要求 join in参加;加入

join up联合起来;联接起来  jump the queue不按次序排队

keep a record作记录 keep back留下

keep fit保持健康  keep healthy保持健康

keep in touch with与……保持联系 keep off让开;不接近

keep on (doing sth. ) 继续(做某事) keep one's balance 保持平衡

keep one's promise 履行诺言  keep up保持;维持;继续

knock at敲(门、窗等) knock out of从……中敲出来

knock…into…把……插进;把……敲进  laugh at因……而发笑;嘲笑

lay the table摆设餐具(准备吃饭)  lead a simple life过着俭朴的生活

lead to导致;导向  learn by oneself自学

learn…by heart记住;背诵 leave a message留话

let…in让……进来;放进  let's=let us让我们;我们……吧

listen to听…… live on以……为主食;靠……为生

look after照看;照顾  look around/about 四处看看

look at  look back upon回顾

look down upon看不起;轻视  look for寻找

look forward to盼望 look into向……里面看去;调查

look like看起来像 look out留神;当心

look over(医生)检查  look round=look around仔细查看 

look the same看起来很像  loop up(在词典、参考书中)查寻

lose heart失去信心;灰心  lose one's life死;牺牲

lose one's sight丧失视力 lose one's voice失音;嗓子哑

lose weight减肥;降体重  make a decision作出决定

make a good effort作很大的努力  make a mistake犯错误

make a plan for为……作计划 make a promise答应;允诺

make a record录制唱片  make a speech发表演讲

make ends meet量入为出;使收支相抵 make faces做鬼脸

make friends交朋友 make fun of取笑某人

make progress取得进步  make sense讲得通;很有意义

make sure务必;务请;确信 make sure of确保;确定

make up编出 make up one's mind下决心

make use of利用  make…to one's own measure照某人的尺寸做……

move away搬开;搬走  move on继续移动

never mind不要紧;没关系 open up开创;开辟

pass by经过 pass on传递

pay attention to注意;留心;关心 pay back偿还(借款等)

pay for付款  pay off偿清(欠债等)

pay…a visit访问……  pick out挑出

pick up接收;拾起;捡起  play a part in在……方面起作用

play a trick on捉弄……  play the piano弹钢琴

play the role of扮演……角色 play with玩耍

point out指出  point to指向

prefer…to…比起……来还是……好;(喜欢……而不喜欢……)

prevent…from妨碍;防止;预防  pull…out of把……从……拉出来

pull…up from把……从……拉上来  push over推倒;(风)刮倒

put down记下  put on穿上(衣服);戴上(帽子等)

put on performances  演出  put on weight发胖;增加体重

put out扑灭;关熄  put up贴(广告等)

put…away把……收起来(放好) put…in prison把……投进监狱

refer to谈到;提到;涉及;有关  remind sb. of…使某人想起……

ring back回电话  ring off挂断电话;停止讲话

ring up打电话给……  roll over翻滚

round up赶拢;使集拢  run out of用完

say "Hi/Hello" to…问好 see…off为某人送行

sell out售完  send away撵走;开除;解雇

send for派人去叫(请) send out发出;派遣

send up发射 sentence…to death判处……死刑

set an example树立榜样  set fire to点火;放火

set off动身;起程、使爆炸;使爆发;引起  set out出发;开始 

set sail启航  set up建立;创立

set…free释放(某人)  set…on fire使燃烧;放火烧

shout at以……大声叫嚷 show off炫耀 

show sb. around领着某人参观  sit down坐下

speed up加快速度  spend…doing sth. 做……花费

spend…on  在……花费(钱) stand for代表;象征

stare at凝视  start doing sth. 开始做某事

stay up挺立;站立  stick to坚持

struggle against同……作斗争 struggle to one's feet挣扎着站起来

succeed in(干……)成功 suffer from遭受

suit…to使适合;使适应 take (good)care of照料;照顾

take a look看一看 take a look at看一下

take a photograph (of)照一张(……的)相  take a taxi坐出租汽车;打的

take along随身带着 take an action采取行动

take an interest in对……感兴趣 take care of照顾;保管

take charge掌管;负责  take exercise运动

take it easy放心好了;别着急 take off脱去(帽子、衣服等)

take on呈现  take one's seat就坐 

take one's time不急;慢慢干  take part in参加;参与

take place发生  take possession of占有;拥有

take pride in 以……自豪;对……感到得意 take sides (in)站在……一边

take the place of代替;取代  take turns替换;轮流

take up占去;占据  take up arms拿起武器

take…by surprise使……吃惊;出奇兵攻占 take…in one's arm(拥)抱

talk of谈论;议论  tear down拆毁;拆除

tell lies说谎  think about考虑;思考

think of认为;看法 throw at向……扔去

throw away扔掉  throw it like that像那样扔出去

throw up吐出(食物);呕吐 translate…into…把……译成……

try one's best竭尽全能 try out试验;尝试 

try…on试穿(衣、鞋、帽等) turn (…) on开;旋开(电灯;收音机等)

turn away把……打发走 turn down(收音机,灯等)关小;调低

turn green变绿 turn off关掉(自来水、电灯、收音机等)

turn over翻动;耕翻(土地)  turn up到达;出现

turn…into把……变成…… use one's head动脑筋;仔细考虑

used to过去常常  wait for等候

wake up醒;醒来 want a go要试一试

wash away冲走;冲垮  watch over查看;监视

wear out穿坏;穿旧;用尽  wish…every success祝……成功

work hard at努力工作(或学习) work out算出;解决

worry about担心;烦恼  write to写信给……

 

 

 

 

 

前言

1、名词

2、冠词

3、代词

4、数词

5、介词

6、连词

7、形容词和副词

8、谓语动词

9、主谓一致

10、情态动词

11、虚拟语气

12、非谓语动词

13、句子的成分

14、简单句

15、并列句

16、复合句

17、直接引语与间接引语

18、倒装句

19、独立主格结构

20、否定结构

21、省略

22、插入语

23、情景交际

24、中学英语动词短语

25、常用不规则动词表

26、语法项目表

27、答案