“I have lived in the south for years,” Mrs Duncan said.
→Mrs Duncan told me (that) she had lived in the south for years. Duncan夫人说她在南方住了许多年。
“I shall tell him exactly what I think,” she said.
→She said (that) she would tell him exactly what she thought. 她说她将会告诉他她所想的。
2、直接引语为一般疑问句时，间接引语的连词用if / whether。如：
He said，“Are you interested in English?”
→He asked (me) if I was interested in English. 他问我是否对英语感兴趣。
He said，“Did you see him last night?”→He asked (me) whether I had seen him the night before. 他问我头天晚上是否见到了他。
3、直接引语为特殊疑问句时，间接引语的连词用特殊疑问句本身所带的疑问词如when，where，who，why，how，how many，how old等等。如：
“What do you want?” he asked me.
→He asked me what I wanted. 他问我想要什么。
“How can we improve the condition of the soil?” the farmers asked him.
→The farmers asked him how they could improve the condition of the soil. 农民们询问他如何才能提高土壤的质量。
She said to us，“Please sit down. ”
→She asked us to sit down.
He said，“Don’t make so much noise，boys. ”
→He told the boys not to make so much noise.
“Please explain why you’re two and a half hours late,” the boss said.
→The boss asked him to explain why he was two and a half hours late.
“Don’t give up!” Father shouted at him.
→Father told him in a loud voice not to give up.
“Get everything ready in half an hour,” the teacher said to the students.
→The teacher ordered the students to get everything ready in half an hour.
〖注〗主句的谓语动词有时要根据直接引语的情态和语气作相应的变化，如say说； tell sb. 告诉某人；ask问/请求；suggest建议；order命令等等。
如：She’s preparing her lessons,” I said.
→I said that she was preparing her lessons.
I said to them，“He’ll get excited. ”
→I told them that he would get excited.
He said to me，“Jane spent all her time doing that. ”
→He told me that Jane had spent all her time doing that.
1、直接引语如果有表示具体过去时间的时间状语（如in 1992,last week）等，在变为间接引语时可以不变。如：
My father said to me，“I read the book in 1986. ”
→My father told me he read the book in 1986.
The geography teacher said to us，“The earth turns around the sun. ”
→The geography teacher told us that the earth turns around the sun.
“I haven’t brought my dictionary. ” the student said.
→The student said that he hadn’t brought his dictionary.
“I’ll come and see you again this evening，Tom. ” he said.
→He told Tom that he would go and see him again that evening.
“I’ll come here again today,” she said.
→She said that she’d come here again today.
She asked，“What is it? What’s going to happen now?”
→She asked what it was and what was going to happen then.
The boy was wondering，“How does the computer work?”
→The boy was wondering how the computer worked.
He asked me，“Do you study English or French?”
→He asked me whether I studied English or French.
“It’s Mary，isn’t it?” asked Jane.
→Jane asked whether it was Mary or not.
1. The teacher said，“Don’t be late，Mary. ”
The teacher told ____.
A. Mary not to be late B. Mary to be not late C. Mary are not late D. not to be late
2. He asked her，“Where are you going?”
He asked her ____.
A. where she were going B. where she was going to
C. where she was going D. where she is going
3. The lady said，“I shall go there on time. ”
The lady said that ____.
A. she would come there on time B. she would come here on time
C. she would got here on time D. he would got here on time
4. He said to me，“I wrote to my father yesterday. ”
He told me he had written to his father ____.
A. the yesterday B. before today C. the day beforeD. the next day
5. The teacher asked，“Are you waiting for the bus?”
The teacher asked ____ for the bus.
A. if I was waiting B. was I waiting C. you are waiting D. I was waiting
6. The professor said that light ____ faster than sound.
A. travels B. traveled C. travel D. travelled
7. My mother asked me to show my homework to her.
My mother said to me，“Show ____ homework. ”
A. her my B. me your C. her your D. me his